Teacher Resources by Subject

These lesson plans, aligned to national standards are offered to augment visits to Fort Ticonderoga, as well as for in-class learning. Lesson plans have been created by classroom teachers who have participated in educator workshops at Fort Ticonderoga, as well as by our museum educators. Lesson Plans are organized by content area. These resources are updated frequently to reflect our new programs and exhibits at Fort Ticonderoga, so check back often!

Lessons are arranged by content area on this page, for a listing of lesson plans grouped by age and grade level; including relevant national education standards, click here.

Please contact Rich Strum, Director of Education with any questions or feedback at rstrum@fort-ticonderoga.org  

During a Visit to Fort Ticonderoga

Fort Ticonderoga Student Scavenger Hunt 2016

Grade Level: Upper Elementary, Middle School

Designed for use during Field Trips to Fort Ticonderoga. Students will need to visit exhibit areas and read carefully, as well as speak to Fort Staff in several areas around Fort Ticonderoga. The scavenger hunt is updated each season to reflect any changes in our exhibits and our interpretation, so make sure you have the most current version before your visit. 

Quick Ideas for Museum Visits

Grade Level: Middle, High School

This contains ideas for quick objectives a visit to Ticonderoga, so that your students can have a goal in mind as they visit our museum campus. These can be introduced the day before a visit to Fort Ticonderoga, or even on a bus ride to Ticonderoga. 

Inquiry: Fort Ticonderoga and the Northern Campaign

Grade Level: 4th Grade

This inquiry, using the NYS Inquiry Design Model, guides students to explore the importance of Ticonderoga during the Northern Campaign of the American revolution, using primary sources in Fort Ticonderoga's collection. 

Object Lessons: It's All About Perspective

Grade Level: Middle School
 
This activity includes open ended questions for students to answer while visiting the exhibit "Object Lessons: Perspectives on Material Culture" at Fort Ticonderoga. Students will look at historical objects through the lens of Art, Culture, Function, and Manufacture. The activity lends itself to classroom discussion back at school.
 

The Last Argument of Kings

Grade Level: Middle School

This activity includes questions about the vocabulary, history, and technology surrounding cannons. Students will be able to answer all of the questions based on a careful exploration of the exhibt, The Last Argument of Kings in the Mars Education Center at Fort Ticonderoga.

Diorama-Rama

Grade Level: 9-12

This activity for high school students asks them to use our exhibit Diorama-Rama to think critically about visual methods of portraying history. 

Using Art to Learn About History

Grade Level: Upper Elementary, Middle School

Students will find three paintings or prints of paintings on currently on display at Fort Ticonderoga: "Ethan Allen Captures Fort Ticonderoga", "Montcalm Congratulating his Victorious Troops", and "A View From the Lines at Lake George". Students will need to look closely and reflect on the paintings to answer the accompanying questions.

Reading Royal Roussillon

Grade Level: Upper Elementary, Middle School

Students take a closer look at the painting "The Camp of the Royal Roussillon Regiment", located in the Mars Education Center, just outside of the exhibit "The Last Argument of Kings" Students will use visual thinking skills to answer questions about the painting. 

The Physics of Cannons

Grade Level: 11-12

Students use information about the cannons at Fort Ticonderoga and historical accounts to complete physics problems. This is a good review of projectile motion in two dimensions. Teachers can email Judy Contompasis, School and Youth Programs Coordinator for an answer key at jcontompasis@fort-ticonderoga.org

The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

Grade Level: Upper Elementary,  Middle School

Students read three accounts of the 1775 Capture of Fort Ticonderoga, written by Ethan Allen, Benedict Arnold, and Lieutenant Joceyln Feltham, who was second in command at the Fort at the time, and analyze the differences in the three accounts.

Evaluating Sources and the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

Kathy Clark- 2015 NEH Summer Scholar

Grade Level: 7-8th

This lesson asks students to read several sources about the 1775 Capture of Fort Ticonderoga, distinguish between primary and secondary sources, and based on their reading analyze and form their own conclusions about what really happened on May 10, 1775 at Fort Ticonderoga. 

Benedict Arnold 

Benedict Arnold Persuasive Essay

Paula Farthing - NEH 2014 Summer Scholar

 Grade Level: Middle School

Students will pick a point of view on Benedict Arnold and defend their position in a persuasive essay, with an attached rubric. 

Benedict Arnold- Should a Traitor be Erased From History? 

Beck Stephens- NEH 2015 Summer Scholar
 
Grade Level: Middle School
 
Using primary and secondary sources students will participate in a day long, inquiry based activity pondering the question "Should a traitor be erased from history?". They will culminate in making the decision about whether or not Benedict Arnold has earned his place on the Saratoga Monument and if he should be named on the boot monument. They will share their opinions by creating a persuasive speech.
 
 

Character Trial of Benedict Arnold

Randy Martin-NEH 2015 Summer Scholar
Grade Level: 7-8th
History is not static. Societies across time have often manipulated their own histories to promote an idea or image. This is also true of Benedict Arnold. This Common Core lesson uses multiple primary and secondary sources to put Arnold's character on trial in order for the students to better understand the man behind the name that has become synonymous with "betrayal" in American memory. Ultimately this lesson will prove to the students that they should not always rely on "popular history" as a reliable source of information.
 

Benedict Arnold AP DBQ

Barbara Park- 2014 NEH Summer Scholar

Grade Level: 10-12th, A.P. U.S. History

A DBQ practice prompt, sources, and Advanced Placement US History-style assessment rubric on the rightful place of Benedict Arnold in the history of the Revolutionary War.

 

French and Indian War 

Setting the Scene- The French and Indian War

Charleen Vasilevsky- 2015 Teachers Institute Participant

Grade Level: 7-8

Students travel to three stations in the classroom to read documents, analyze maps, study political cartoons, and learn about the causes and reasons behind the French and Indian War. Students learn about important figures during the war, and are asked to respond to critical thinking questions. 

French And Indian War Literary Genre Comparison

Denise Wright-2015 Teacher Institute Participant

Grade Level: 9-12

This lesson includes several different genres describing memorable events of the French and Indian War. Students are asked to compare and contrast the different genres and how they depict the events and emotions prensent during the French and Indian War.

Miscellaneous

Introduction to Primary Sources

Grade Level: Upper Elementary, Middle and High School

An activity where students create “Primary Sources”, accounts of their daily life, and then take on the role of historian to analyze the primary source accounts written by their fellow students to gain insight into the challenges that historians face. This is a great activity, espeicially at the start of the school year.

Object Lessons: Create Your Own Exhibit 

Grade Level: Middle School, Upper Elementary
 
This activity is is designed for use after visiting the exhibit "Object Lessons: Perspectives on Material Culture" at Fort Ticonderoga. Students will work together in their clasroom to design their own museum exhibit, using everyday objects in their classroom as museum artifacts.
 

Fort Ticonderoga "RAFT"

Travis Dube-2015 NEH Summer Scholar

Grade Level: 7-12th

R.A.F.T. is an acronym for Role, Audience, Format and Topic/Theme.  The assignment allows you to customize your evaluation based upon the strengths or weaknesses of your students.  The more advanced your students, the more you can request from them with regards to historical evidence.  Please note, that the question are geared toward persuasive writing.  The students provide the evidence and creatively explain their answers to the question in the Topic column. 

 

Soldier's Life at Fort Ticonderoga

Ezra Tilden- Carrying the Weight of a Soldier

Grade Level: Upper Elementary

Students read and analyze a journal entry from a soldier who provided a list of what he carried in his pack when he set out for Fort Ticonderoga in July of 1776.

Persifor Frazer’s Letters

Grade Level : Upper Elementary, Middle School.

Letters written by an officer, Major Persifor Frazer to his wife Polly from Ticonderoga in 1776, and questions for students to answer based on those letters. Younger students or students with difficulties in reading may need additional time and scaffolding to read the letters. The letters are double spaced so that students can annotate and highlight difficult words.

Conduct Unbecoming an American

Trish Everett- 2015 Teachers Institute Participant

Grade Level: 11-12

This lesson provides primary sources on codes of civility and behavior for armies and civilians in the 18th Century. Students are asked to analyze,  compare, and contrast these codes of conduct, and present a creative project on their findings. Students are offered several different creative project options. 

 

Different Perspectives at Fort Ticonderoga

Women in the Wayne Orderly Book

Grade Level: Middle School, High School

Orderly books contain valuable information on the daily activities of the army under a specific officer. They contain far fewer details about the lives of women with the army, however students who do read between the lines can still learn much about the women at Ticonderoga in 1776 in this activity. 

A Virtuous and Respectable Woman

Grade Level: Middle School, High School

Students do a close reading of an account of Mrs. Grier, a woman who joined Benedict Arnold's 1775 expedition into Quebec. Students will answer questions about the account, citing evidence. 

Baroness Riedesel’s Account of the Saratoga Campaign

Carol Grossi- 2016 Teacher Institute Participant

Grade Level: 4-6th

Students learn about the experiences and hardships of life on campaign with the army through reading the memoirs of Baroness Riedesel, and letters from her husband. Students demonstrate understanding by composing journals as if they were at the Battle of Saratoga, or by creating artifact boxes. 

Social Studies Lab: Women in the American Revolution

George Grobusch -2016 Teacher Institute Participant

Grade Level: Middle School

Students form a hypothesis about the roles of women during the American revolution, and then use primary sources including excerpts from the memoir of Baroness Reidesel , to evaluate their hypothesis and draw conclusions.

Historical Thinking, Loyalist Primary Sources

Beck Stephens- 2016 Teacher Institute Participant

Grade Level: Middle School

Students explore letters from Philip Skene, a Loyalist involved with Burgoyne’s 1777 campaign, doing close reading, and contextualization. Students then write a letter about another historical event from the perspective of Philip Skene. 

Revolutionary Perspectives

Jenna Berry-  2014 NEH Summer Scholar

Grade Level: Upper Elementary

Students study experiences of different groups during the revolutionary war, including African Americans, Loyalists, Native Americans and Women, and complete a perspective worksheet and opinion essay.

Jacob Schieffelin- Loyalist  History Walk

Kim Hartmann- NEH 2015 Summer Scholar

Grade Level: 7-8th

Will the real Jacob Schiefflelin please stand up? Students will explore the life of a loyalist living in colonial America during the time of the American Revolution. As detectives, students will walk through the life and times of Jacob Schieffelin through primary and secondary sources.

 

Battles and Military Strategy

Fort Ticonderoga-The Gibraltar of the Northeast

George Grobusch- Robert J. Kaiser Middle School

Grade Level: 7-12

This is a History Lab, where students use multiple primary sources to explore the strategic importance of Fort Ticonderoga, and the major military activities that happened at Fort Ticonderoga. Students are asked to develop a hypothesis about why Ticonderoga was important to the Americans, and then evaluate primary sources, develop and claim, and support it with evidence from the primary sources. 

Social Studies Lab: The Battle of Saratoga

Wendy Bergeron - 2016 Teacher Institute Participant

Grade Level: High School

Students form a hypothesis about the Battle of Saratoga, and who is to blame for the British loss. Students then explore documents, maps, and diagrams to evaluate their hypothesis, and draw conclusions. 

 

Battle of Saratoga Performance Task

Laura Kessler- 2014 NEH  Summer Scholar

Grade Level: 7th-8th

Students can analyze primary sources to learn about the Battles of Saratoga and create a newscast as a performance task. 

Battle of Valcour Island

Andrew Demko- NEH 2015 Summer Scholar
 
Grade Level: Middle School
 
Students use maps and images to learn about the key elements of the Battle of Valcour Island, and respond to a writing prompt about whether the Battle of Valcour was truly a defeat. 
 

British Strategy on the Northern Frontier and the Turning Point of the War

Chris Ippolito- NEH Summer Scholar 2014

Grade Level: 7-8th 

A unit plan for teachers highlighting summative and formative assessments based on primary sources for studying British strategy in the early stages of the American War for Independence. 

Math  

Building a Soldier’s Hut

Grade Level: Upper Elementary, Middle School

A Math Activity featuring words problems related to measuring materials needed to build a soldier’s hut at Fort Ticonderoga. This worksheet can be used to introduce or review converting feet into inches, and using addition, multiplication, and simple division to determine the materials soldiers will need for their hut.

After completing the activity, we welcome you to bring your students and check out our recreated soldier’s huts at Fort Ticonderoga, which were built to the specifications in this activity.

Feeding the Continental Army

 Grade Level: Upper Elementary

Math words problems based on issuing a soldier’s weekly rations.  Includes basic addition, multiplication and subtraction with fractions.

 

Feeding the Continental Army

 Grade Level: Lower Middle School

Word Problems focused on supplying the Continental Army at Fort Ticonderoga. Includes addition, subtraction, multiplication and division with fractions.

Character Trial of Benedict Arnold

Randy Martin-NEH 2015 Summer Scholar
Grade Level: 7-8th
History is not static. Societies across time have often manipulated their own histories to promote an idea or image. This is also true of Benedict Arnold. This Common Core lesson uses multiple primary and secondary sources to put Arnold's character on trial in order for the students to better understand the man behind the name that has become synonymous with "betrayal" in American memory. Ultimately this lesson will prove to the students that they should not always rely on "popular history" as a reliable source of information.