May 19-21, 2017
Fort Ticonderoga hosts the Twenty-Second Annual War College of the Seven Years' War May 19-21, 2017, in the Mars Education Center. Since 1996, the War College has become a top venue for historians on subjects relating to the French & Indian War, drawing speakers and participants from across North America. An enthusiastic audience of nearly 200 people represents all levels of interest, from general lovers of history to scholars. The War College offers a unique, informal setting that promotes interaction and discussion between speakers and attendees. Our speakers include both established and new scholars studying the French & Indian War in North America.
Lieutenant Colonel John Bradstreet and the Fall of Fort Frontenac—This presentation will discuss a personality who was crucial to the British war effort and the taking of a French fort that was instrumental to the change in British fortune after previous defeats. George A. Bray III is an independent historian, French and Indian War reenactor, collector and author.
The Kittanning Raid of 1756: The Politics of Indian War and the End of Pennsylvania’s Peaceable Kingdom—In 1756 the Ohio Delaware raided the Pennsylvania frontier. In response the colonial government created its first militia and launched a raid into the Indian village of Kittanning. Its results were unclear and the controversy still remains. Brady J. Crytzer teaches history at Robert Morris University and is the author of five books studying empire in North America.
Colden’s War: A View from the New York Frontier—Cadwallader Colden was a prominent colonial statesman and an internationally-recognized authority on the history and geography of North America. He spent much of the Seven Years’ War at his farm in rural Ulster County, New York, from where he lobbied for improved frontier defenses. This presentation examines Colden’s wartime experience as an intellectual, imperial agent, and New Yorker. John M. Dixon is Assistant Professor of History at the College of Staten Island, City University of New York, and the author of The Enlightenment of Cadwallader Colden: Empire, Science, and Intellectual Culture in British New York.
Unconquered: Two French Retreats to Louisiana in 1760—Conventional history states that after the surrender of Montreal in September of 1760, all French troops were to be sent back to France. This talk will present the story of two French officers, each respectively from fort Détroit and Michilimackinac, who refused to surrender, retreating to defend Louisiana instead. Joseph Gagné is a doctoral student at Laval University and the creator of Electronic New France (www.novafrancia.org).
Breaking the Rules and Dressing the Part: Dress and Traditions of Light Troops by the Seven Years’ War—While the dress and operations of specialist troops in the French and Indian War is often presented as a unique product of the North American continent, the precedents stretch much further back in time and place. European soldiers who found themselves in North America had both practical and theoretical experience with a wide range of irregulars from the fringes of the Western world and in ways both explicit and subconscious they drew on those sources during the Seven Years War. Explore the range of clothing and equipment carried by Atlantic irregulars that formed the professional legacy of light troops in America. Matthew Keagle is the Curator of the Fort Ticonderoga Museum.
Disease Diplomacy: How Rumors of Smallpox, Outbreaks, and Diabolical Schemes Shaped the Course of Empire in North America, 1755-1764—As armies mobilized, marched, and battled, smallpox spread over a vast space during the Seven Years' War and Pontiac's Rebellion. this presentation offer insights into the complicated ways that the disease impacted Indigenous-European diplomacy, served as a potential weapon, and impacted the course of Empire in North America. Paul Kelton is Professor of History and Associate Dean for the Humanities at the University of Kansas.
French Illinois and the Seven Years' War—The contributions of the Illinois French to the war effort have often been passed over summarily, yet they were of significance and deserve recognition. David MacDonald, an ancient historian, has in retirement turned his attention to French Illinois and is the author of a recent book on Fort de Chartres. He is a former professor at Illinois State University.
Colonel Ephraim Williams and the “Bloody Morning Scout”: An Evolution in Colonial Warfare—The well-known 1755 Battle of Lake George followed a violent ambush and the deaths of many colonial soldiers and Indian allies. While history has characterized their leadership in negligent fashion, a close examination reveals mitigating factors calling that assessment into question. Gary G. Shattuck is a retired federal prosecuto, an independent historian, and author specializing in Revolutionary War era legal research and writing.
“A Little Stumbling Block”: The Cherokee War and Challenges of Alliance on the Southern Frontier—The Southern front of the Seven Years’ War provides a case study of the ways in which British and Native American leaders sought to foster and maintain alliance, and the strains that could drive alliance apart. In the case of South Carolina and the Cherokee, a long standing and seemingly stable alliance disintegrated into warfare during the Seven Years’ War, bringing the British army and the war into southern Indian country. Jessica L. Wallace, an assistant professor of history at Georgia College & State University, is an historian of the 18th-century colonial South, with a specialization in Cherokee-colonial British relations during the Seven Years’ War.
The War College brings over 150 people to Ticonderoga. This event is taking place during a busy time of the year for Ticonderoga. We suggest that you make accommodations arrangements as soon as possible if you plan to attend this event. For more information.
Best Western Ticonderoga Inn and Suites (518-585-2378) is offering the following discounts for War College attendees (while space remains):
- $127.99 for a room with two Queen beds
- $147.99 for a King suite
Limited-Edition War College T-Shirt
Participants registering by March 15, 2017, have the option to purchase one or more limited-edition War College T-Shirts. Available sizes are listed on the War College Registration form.
Ninth Annual Colonial America Conference for Educators
Fort Ticonderoga hosts the Ninth Annual Colonial America Conference for Educators on Friday, May 19, 2017, from 9:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m in the Deborah Clarke Mars Education Center. This day-long conference focuses on the period 1609-1783 and features presentations by classroom teachers, museum educators, and archivists. While geared for educators, the conference is open to anyone interested in how to connect students with history. War College attendees receive a conference discount.
Thanks to the generous support of War College patrons, Fort Ticonderoga offers scholarships for K-12 school teachers who are first-time attendees at the War College. Since, 2001, Fort Ticonderoga has provided 68 teacher scholarships for the War College of the Seven Years' War.
The deadline for applying for scholarships in 2017 has passed. This year's scholarships went to:
Kelly Smith from Cleveland High School in Cleveland, Alabama.