Montcalm's Cross

French Troupe de Terre and Troupe de la Marine

Montcalm’s troupe or regular soldiers were issued and used many articles of Canadian dress from their earliest arrival in the summer of 1755. While adept at using this Canadian clothing, French officers and soldiers alike seem to have preferred to don their proper uniform on the eave of major actions, including the 1758 Battle of Carillon.  Winter and stopgap issues of Canadian clothing, were interspersed by shipments of proper uniforms from France. Such a complete issue of French uniform clothing reached the Guyenne Regiment on September 1st, 1757.

Each soldier received:




1 pair of breeches

1 pair of under-breeches

1 pair of gaiters

2 shirts

Feverishly working in the hot July sun, Montcalm’s officers and men probably striped off their sleeved vestes as they felled and stacked trees to build the French lines. It appears that as they began to man their lines on the Heights of Carillon in the morning of July 8th, 1758 they pulled their white habitsfrom their havresacs, and pulled them on over their shirts. Officers were noted as wearing their vestes as they directed the men and helped them load their fusils.


Best: Hand-stitched plain or blue cotton shirt with narrow band cuffs with thread buttons or made for sleeve buttons (cuff links).

Acceptable: Plain cotton, white or blue & white striped linen shirt with narrow band cuffs with thread buttons or made for sleeve buttons (cuff links) with minor visible machine-stitching.

Discouraged: Checked, or wool shirts.

Unacceptable:Cotton calico or plaid shirts.


Best:Stiffened black linen neck stocks.

Acceptable: Silk, linen, or cotton neckerchief.

Unacceptable: Leather neck-stocks.

Hats and Caps

Best: Soldiers' chapeau bound in brass, gold or tinsel lace,

Acceptable:Knit bonnet or toque, preferably of red wool, bonnet de police or fatigue cap (worn in camp or on fatigue).

Unacceptable: Fur cap, voyageur cap.

Habit orJustacorps

Best:Hand-finished, well-fit, Habit of white wool broadcloth, with blue or red regimental collars, and white or blue serge lining and domed-rimmed brass or white metal buttons.

Acceptable:Well-fit, Habit of white wool broadcloth, with blue or red regimental collars, and white or blue serge lining, with minor visible machine stitching, or no Habit.

Unacceptable:Anything else.


Best: Hand-finished and well-fit, sleeved veste made of blue or red tricot or serge, lined in serge, with brass or white metal domed rimmed buttons.

Acceptable: Well fitted sleeved veste made of blue or red woolen cloth with minor visible machine stitching.

Unacceptable:  Extremely long or baggy vestes or modern upholstery materials.


Breeches or Culotte

Best:  Hand-finished and well-fit, white or blue tricot or serge breeches with cloth covered buttons. Underneath hand-finished unbleached linen under breeches.

Acceptable: Well-fit, white or blue woolen breeches with minor visible machine stitching. Red or blue wool breechcloths are also acceptable.

Unacceptable: trousers.


Best: Hand-finished well-fit, square-cut gilet made of red or blue broadcloth or similar material, made with our without sleeves.

Acceptable: Well-fit Square-cut gilet made of red or blue broadcloth or similar material, with minor visible machine stitching.

Unacceptable:Extremely long or baggy gilet or modern upolstery materials.


Best:Well-fit, hand-stitched white canvas gaiters with small black leather buttons.

Acceptable: Well-fit white canvas gaiters with minor visible machine stitching.

Mitasse (When Ordered)

Acceptable Well-fit, unadorned blue or red wool mitasse with plain wool or Native garters.

Unacceptable: Buckskin leggings, gaiters, or baggy wool leggings.


Best: Black waxed-calf shoes closing with buckles.

AcceptableSoulier du beouf or Vamp or pucker-toe styled soulier savage or mocassins.

Unacceptable: Modern shoes, boots, or Dyer, Arrow, Minnetonka moccasins, Shoepacks, half-boots or high-lows.


Best: French Military Muskets of 1728 or similar pattern.

Discouraged: British arms, Anglo-American fowlers.

Unacceptable: Canoe guns, Blunderbusses, rifles.

Side Arms

Best: Epee de Soldat and bayonet carried in a white buff leather soldiers’waistbelt.

Acceptable: Bayonet only carried in a white buff leather soldier's waistbelt.

Discouraged:Hatchets carried in addition to a bayonet in the waistbelt.

Unnacceptable: Anything Else.

Cartridge Pouch

Best:Red or Black Russia leather giberne with a buff leather strap forTroupe de Terre or Red Russia leather gargousier carried on buff waistbelt for Troupe de la Marine.

Acceptable: Similar style demi-gibernes or gargousiers.

Unacceptable:Anything Else.


Best: One Gran Bidon per mess of 8, individually gourd canteens slung over the shoulder on a hemp cord or leather thong.

Acceptable: Ceramic, glass canteen, slung over the shoulder on a hemp cord or leather thong.

Discouraged:Wooden cheese-box canteens.

Havresac and Tumplines

BestGran haversacs of linen canvas, slung on a buff or red russia leather strap.

Acceptable: Hemp, jute or leather tumplines.

Unacceptable:Two-strap knapsacks.


Best: 2 1/2 or 3-Point blankets. Bear skin hides may also be used. 

Acceptable: Check, Dutch, or rose plain white or Hudson Bay blankets.

Unacceptable: Civil War grey blankets.