Bring Home a Piece of Fort Ticonderoga

The Fort Ticonderoga Museum Store offers a wide variety of specialty products for children, youths, and adults and is considered the best history book store in the region. There is no better way to end your Fort Ticonderoga visit than by browsing through our Museum store and taking your epic historical experience home with you with a unique piece of memorabilia. If you find that your day has flown by with all of the great activities and programs Fort Ticonderoga has to offer, and you just don’t have time to stop by our store, have no fear! Now, you can shop in our online store which features selected products from the Museum Store (www.fortticonderoga/shop). Keep in mind, however, that not every item that is sold in our Museum Store is available online – you may just have to plan another visit to fully take advantage! General admission tickets to Fort Ticonderoga can be purchased online or on site at the admissions booth upon entry. Members of Fort Ticonderoga and Ticonderoga Resident Ambassadors Pass Holders are admitted free of charge.

Enjoy fabulous gifts for yourself and others and support America’s Fort! All proceeds support Fort Ticonderoga’s mission to ensure that present and future generations learn from the struggles, sacrifices and victories that shaped the nations of North America and changed world history.

Below are just a few examples of what you can find online and in the Fort Ticonderoga Museum Store:


A-Favorite-Place-of-Resort-for-StrangersThe Pavilion grounds are most significant for their long, continuous history as a well-documented, cultivated landscape. Follow the evolution of the garden and grounds through the 19th and 20th century, whose power is in the intertwining of landscape and history. Lucinda Brockway thoroughly documents the changing landscape through historical accounts, on-site studies, and oral history, including the contributions of the Pell family who began a legacy of preservation and stewardship at Fort Ticonderoga. Early tourism, the Pavilion, the King’s Garden and the roles of landscape architect Marian Coffin and others are presented in a lively social and historical context.

This book is a perfect way to develop an in-depth understanding of the layers of history incorporated into the King’s Garden at Fort Ticonderoga. Read this, then enjoy a peaceful morning stroll in the garden where you’ll enjoy the fragrant and vibrant beauty of the walled colonial revival garden built in the 1920’s. Explore our Discovery Gardens including our newest cut flower garden and roll up your sleeves to discover Fort Ticonderoga’s centuries of horticulture history! Take time to relax in our gazebo located on the lawn in front of the historic Pavilion, the 19th-century Pell family home, to enjoy the pristine landscape and stunning lake views overlooking Vermont’s Green Mountains and Mount Independence.


Bowl-outsideThis special punch bowl commemorates General Jeffrey Amherst’s successes in North America during the French & Indian War and is based on fragments found at Fort Ticonderoga during its restoration a century ago. Made by master potter Michele Erikson and decorated in the Fazackerly pattern, this special number reproduction is limited to only six bowls.

This special collection item will be even more appreciated after a visit to our unique museum exhibit, Pottery, Pork, and Pigeon: The 18th-Century Menu at Fort Ticonderoga.  This exhibit highlights artifacts recovered from the site during the Fort’s reconstruction in the 20th century. Fragments of glassware, shattered ceramics, bones and shells shed light on the diet of colonial and Revolutionary soldiers. Imported plates were not just for the officers, the range of objects uncovered at Fort Ticonderoga shows that even common soldiers had access to goods made in Europe, Asia, and North America. Likewise their diets, although monotonous could range from salted beef, to wild pigeon, to shellfish from Lake Champlain.


maplefifeEnjoy playing a fun tune on this handmade maple fife created by Cooperman Fifes. The fife is a simple, high-pitched member of the flute family, which came to the New World as a military instrument with European soldiers and a folk instrument with settlers.

After touring through over 10,000 square feet of gallery space, listen to stirring tunes of Fort Ticonderoga’s Fife and Drum Corps. Explore how drumbeats, trilling fifes and songs created an 18th-century world of military music. By the end of the performance, it will be difficult to pass up the opportunity to purchase a Fife of your own!


SONY DSC“Keep Montcalm and Carillon” is our creative version of the “Keep Calm and Carry On” slogan in honor of Fort Ticonderoga’s General Montcalm and the Carillon battlefield.

Sport this T-shirt during Fort Ticonderoga’s July 18 – 19 re-enactment, Montcalm’s Cross: the 1758 Battle of Carillon, and stand with the loyal and courageous French soldiers that defended the French lines against all odds. Discover how 257 years ago, the Battle of Carillon sealed the reputation of Ticonderoga for generations to come, and meet the British and Provincial soldiers who gave their all to drive the French from the rocky peninsula and fortress of Ticonderoga.


large_Loose-Tea-1In 18th-century British America, tea was an expensive, exotic import, first popular with more wealthy colonists, then with the middle classes as well. According to mercantile records, various grades of gunpowder tea were a common import to America.

This fine tea is full of refreshing lemon and light vegetable flavors, an excellent tea for everyday brewing. Its strong visual resemblance to the gun powder used for soldier’s ammunition will serve as a reminder of Fort Ticonderoga’s one-of-a-kind musket demonstrations. Museum interpretative staff members portray professional French soldiers that keep a cool head to load, aim, and fire muskets to hold this strategic ground. Though the tea pearls do unfurl on immersion in water, it’s unlikely that a cup will cause you any friendly fire.


SONY DSCFort Ticonderoga recently reprinted Fort Ticonderoga: Key to a Continent by Edward P. Hamilton in a 50th-anniversary edition. This classic history of Fort Ticonderoga was first published in 1964, and is the first publication from Ticonderoga Press, Fort Ticonderoga’s new publishing venture.

Hamilton’s Fort Ticonderoga, though somewhat dated, still brings the history of the Ticonderoga peninsula to life. The book spans from Samuel de Champlain’s arrival on the peninsula in 1609 through the restoration of the Fort by Stephen and Sarah Pell. Colonel Hamilton served as Director of the Fort Ticonderoga Museum from 1957 through his death in 1972.

Whether by Samuel de Champlain in 1609 or Ethan Allen in 1775, Ticonderoga was explored, ascended, and defended by water. Now it’s your chance to be a part of this experience! After reading Fort Ticonderoga: Key to a Continent, hop on board Fort Ticonderoga’s 60-foot, 49-passenger tour boat, the Carillon, and explore the perimeter of the Ticonderoga peninsula for yourself! In 90 minutes you can enjoy centuries of stories that floated across this ancient lake. Set between the Green and Adirondack Mountains, tours on the Carillon explore not only the epic 18th-century military stories, but also the maritime heritage of the 19th and 20th century. From the 1777 American bridge piers to remains of railroads, side-scanning sonar will allow you to literally get a picture of the archaeological wealth that surrounds Ticonderoga.

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Fort Ticonderoga’s Volunteer’s Count! Program Celebrates National Volunteer Week


Volunteer Bonnie Sheeley receiving an award at the 2014 Annual Volunteer Reception, standing beside Fort Ticonderoga’s President and CEO, Beth Hill.

Fort Ticonderoga joins a national celebration April 12-18 to thank volunteers for their service throughout the year. Fort Ticonderoga’s volunteer rewards program, named Volunteers Count!, was initiated in 2012 and allows volunteers with eleven or more hours donated to earn a Volunteer Ambassador Pass, granting free general admission for the season in addition to other benefits that celebrate their service throughout the year.

Fort Ticonderoga volunteers gave more than 10,000 hours in 2014 in areas including interpretation, horticulture, education, development, collections, and buildings and grounds. In 2014, 16 volunteers reached the “platinum” award level by dedicating more than 51 hours of service.

“Volunteers are a critical part of the Fort Ticonderoga team,” said Beth Hill, Fort Ticonderoga President and CEO. “They bring vision and skills to our programs and serve in a variety of areas across our entire learning campus. We are so very grateful for their support; it has such a major impact on our educational mission and reach.”

New volunteers are welcome to apply to the program which offers numerous and enriching volunteer opportunities. Volunteer information and applications are available at or by calling 518-585-2821.

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The French are Rowing to Fort Ticonderoga!

Experience an immersive living history event at Fort Ticonderoga highlighting the return of French soldiers to Carillon (now called Fort Ticonderoga). On Saturday May 9 through Sunday May 10, visitors will step into New France in 1756 as French soldiers return by boats from posts down Lake Champlain. This event will kick off the 2015 season at Fort Ticonderoga and capture the site’s epic story on land and water. Event tickets are included with daily admission. Two-day admission ticket discounts apply. Members of Fort Ticonderoga, Ticonderoga Ambassador Pass holders, and children age 4 and under are free. For more information, call 518-585-2821 or visit French on

“‘Before Long We Would Have Reinforcements’ Living History Event will trace the footsteps of French soldiers as they struggle to guard the unfinished earth, stone, and log walls of Fort Carillon in the midst of  construction,” said Stuart Lilie, Senior Director of Interpretation at Fort Ticonderoga. “This event is designed to be a rich experience for both participants and visitors alike.  It will investigate the situation and factors that brought a French army across an ocean and up the lakes and rivers through the wilderness of Canada. Visitors will see the French army pull their oars through the waves of Lake Champlain to join their comrades at Carillon anxiously awaiting the return of reinforcements.”

Saturday morning, with a small flotilla of bateaux, Fort Ticonderoga interpretative staff and re-enactors will row and sail their way up Lake Champlain to arrive by 2:00 pm at Fort Ticonderoga. This is a recreation of the final stride of French soldiers travelling to Carillon, just as it happened on May 9, 1756.

Every day is an event at Fort Ticonderoga and every year is a new experience. It is the only site in the world that tells a new story each year through dynamic historical interpretation. This year is 1756 at Fort Ticonderoga; a fundamental year in the construction of the Fort and the jardin du Roi (King’s Garden). Guests will discover 1756 from the French perspective and explore how it took an empire to sustain and fight for a continent. Daily programming will bring to life this epic story through tours, soldier’s life programs, historic trades, soldier’s gardening, hands-on family programs, museum exhibitions, and daily boat tours aboard Fort Ticonderoga’s new 60 ft. cruise boat, the Carillon.

Click here to view the Visitor Schedule.

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A Layered Legacy: Fort Fever Series Program April 19 provides a new perspective of the King’s Garden

Fort Ticonderoga launches its final “Fort Fever Series” of 2015 with a special presentation by Assistant Director of Interpretation, Cameron Green, who will provide a sneak peek into all of the new ground being broken in the King’s Garden for the 2015 season, as well as some of the great structures and stories recently uncovered. The program takes place on Sunday, April 19 at 2 pm in the Deborah Clarke Mars Education Center at Fort Ticonderoga. The cost for the program is $10 per person and will be collected at the door; free for Members of Fort Ticonderoga.

Cameron Green, Assistant Director of Interpretation, has been a member of Fort Ticonderoga staff since 2011. He has incorporated his wealth of expertise in 18th-century studies into modern horticulture, providing a dynamic perspective to the King’s Garden. “This program explores the Pell family’s purchase of Fort Ticonderoga in the early 19th century, and outlines the growth and development of the landscape over the next 200 years” says Green. “We will walk the grounds to discover the continuing story of Ticonderoga, after the guns had ceased firing. ‘A Layered Legacy’ will outline the flowering of agriculture, tourism, and hospitality as told through the King’s Garden.”

This program will reveal the important story of Fort Ticonderoga’s landscape and define how the campus will grow and develop for generations to come. One day prior to “A Layered Legacy” is the Fourth Annual Garden and Landscape Symposium, which focuses on practical, easy-to-implement strategies for expanding and improving your garden or landscape. To learn more, call 518-585-2821 or visit

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Scout Overnight Program Offered at Fort Ticonderoga

Fort Ticonderoga is pleased to announce the return of the immersive overnight program for Scouts during the spring and fall of 2015. Scouts can book their adventure for Saturday nights May 16th through June 6th and August 29th through October 24th. This offer is available for Boy Scout troops and Girl Scout Cadettes, Seniors and Ambassadors.

“Imagine your troop being able to garrison Fort Ticonderoga overnight!” said Fort Ticonderoga’s Director of Education Rich Strum. “Give your scouts an experience they’ll never forget—a rare chance to spend the night at Fort Ticonderoga.”

168227_10151454502129033_1428908658_nScouts arrive in mid-afternoon and are immediately thrust into the life of a soldier at Ticonderoga in 1775. They’ll participate in the “Planting the Tree of Liberty” program and then have the opportunity to explore Fort Ticonderoga and embark on adventures specifically suited to their interests.

Scouts can rent a canoe to discover the historic La Chute waterway, hike Carillon Battlefield Trail, and witness a birds-eye view of America’s Fort from Mount Defiance. New to this adventure is a chance to explore Lake Champlain on the Carillon boat tour. Scout Programs scheduled in the fall will also have the opportunity to explore the six-acre corn maze in a new 2015 design created for Fort Ticonderoga.

“Scouts will establish their overnight camp, gather firewood, and learn how to start a fire with flint and steel,” said Stuart Lilie, Senior Director of Interpretation. “They will assist with the preparation of the evening meal while learning about 18th-century cooking. After cleanup, Fort Ticonderoga Interpretative staff will lead scouts on an evening hike over the historic landscape before they settle in for the night. In the morning, scouts again help with starting the fire and fixing breakfast just as soldiers did at the 18th-century fort. Once the site opens for visitors, scouts can explore the fort, museum, and King’s Garden on their own before concluding their adventure.”

Participants have the option of setting up their own tents on the historic grounds or, if numbering 16 or fewer scouts and adults, spending the night in the Soldiers’ Barracks.

A cost of $700 for 16 or fewer scouts and adults or $1000 for up to 30 scouts and adults includes admission and special program fees as well as the evening and morning meals prepared over a camp fire. Additional fees may apply.

For additional information about this and other programs available for scout groups during the 2015 season, click on the “Education” tab, and select “Scouting” in the drop-down menu. To make a reservation, contact Nancy LaVallie, Group Tour Coordinator, at 518-585-2821 or at


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Spring Ahead of Opening Season!

Yes, it’s true. Spring is finally here! The morning routine of layering up, strapping on our boots, and warming up our cars is officially a practice of the past. Although winter is making an attempt to linger here in the Adirondacks, it won’t be long before our quiet woods are greeted with the return of the first migratory songbirds, like the red-winged blackbirds and song sparrows.  The ice fishing tents on Lake Champlain will be replaced by boats and jet skis, and Fort Ticonderoga will at last be open for the season! It’s important to keep in mind that although Fort Ticonderoga is open for daily operation May through October, there is no such thing as an “off-season”. There are a remarkable number of opportunities to take advantage of during the winter and spring at this museum campus. Already there have been three Winter Workshops, three Fort Fevers and two Living History Events! Let’s not forget the elegant Ti Ball and student-driven North Country History Day!

Alike to winter, there’s nothing lackluster about spring at Fort Ticonderoga. If some of you just can’t wait until May 9th for the campus to officially open, here is a list of the opportunities you can take advantage of prior to daily operation:

tradesworkshops-womenWinter Workshop Series: Women’s Clothing Accessories (April 11 – April 12)

This is a continuation of a series of workshops that began at the start of winter’s arrival. Join Jenna Schnitzer to learn about patterning, materials and construction for 18th-century women’s clothing accessories. Perfect your portrayal with mitts, caps, bonnets, and pockets. Discover interesting details of these garments as well as how to build and wear your own. This is a great opportunity to immerse yourself in the “behind-the-scenes” aspects of the 18th century and learn the fine-tuning of its reproduction in the present.

For more information, get in touch with Fort Ticonderoga’s Senior Director of Interpretation, Stuart Lilie, at Advanced registration is required.

Fourth Annual Garden and Landscape Symposium (April 18)

This is a true sign of spring. Whether you’re an advanced gardener or just getting started, this program will bring out the “green thumb connoisseur” in everyone. Fort Ticonderoga’s Fourth Annual Garden and Landscape Symposium will have four speakers, all with specific expertise related to gardening in northern climates.  Speakers and sessions include:

  • DCIM100MEDIAThe Healing Garden: Traditional Medicinals for Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow” by Nancy Scarzello
  • “Save the Monarchs! Native Plants for Native Pollinators” by Emily DeBolt
  • “A Favorite Place of Resort for Strangers: The King’s Garden at Fort Ticonderoga” by Lucinda Brockway
  • “Getting Control of Your Perennial Garden” by Amy Ivy
  • Panel Discussion with all the speakers facilitated by Master Gardener Diane O’Connor

This one-day program focuses on practical, easy-to-implement strategies for expanding and improving your garden or landscape. The programs are offered in an informal setting that encourages interaction between speakers and attendees. I can assure you that you’ll leave the day with the information you need to make a backyard disaster into a beauty show!

Fort Fever Series: Cameron Green, Assistant Director of Interpretation – “A Layered Legacy” (April 19)

KG-Beaty-2After you’ve received a plethora of gardening advice at the Fourth Annual Garden and Landscape Symposium, stick around for another day and discover the continuing story of Ticonderoga. After the guns had ceased firing, see how the flowering of agriculture, tourism, and hospitality emerged, as told through the King’s Garden. Join Assistant Director of Interpretation, Cameron Green, to get a sneak peak of all the new ground being broken for the 2015 season, as well as some of the great structures and stories recently uncovered.

Beyond Bullets and Blades (May 6)

largegunsHow heavy are the muskets, swords, and bayonets that decided the wars of the 18th century? Have you ever wondered how they were made? Beyond Bullets and Blades is a unique experience; an opportunity to go beyond the exhibition case to examine and handle original 18th-century weapons with the supervision and knowledge of Fort Ticonderoga’s expert staff. The firearms of the 18th century were built by hand, but not the products of quaint blacksmith shops. Industrial methods were used to produce weapons by the thousands to equip soldiers across the globe. Learn how artisans in Europe and America transformed iron, brass, and wood into the weapons that decided empires and revolutions. Feel the bulk and imagine what it was like for the soldiers of the 18th century to carry these very weapons into Battle.

This specialty program is limited to 5 participants but is offered every Wednesday May – August to keep up with the demand! See calendar for specific dates of occurrence.

 Opening Season Starts with a Bang…and a Bateau!before long


Join us for this exciting living history event and be part of Fort Ticonderoga’s 2015 opening weekend! Watch by the shoreline as French soldiers return by bateaux from winter quarters at posts down Lake Champlain in the spring of 1756. Meet the Languedoc soldiers, Canadian Troupe de la Marine, and native warriors left behind to guard this advanced post over a harrowing winter. See construction on the French fort of Carillon begin in earnest with French soldiers from the Languedoc regiment and Canadian Troupe de la Marine and milice. See the rush to get work under way with the threat of an English attack looming. Discover more about the plan and building of this famous French fort.

This two-day event is packed full of excitement for all, and marks the official beginning of the 2015 season. After your participation in all of the above, you’ll never want to leave. So, here is the full calendar of events to get you going for the warmer temperatures!

We look forward to seeing you at Fort Ticonderoga soon!

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Fort Ticonderoga Teacher Institute Seeks Applications

Fort Ticonderoga is now accepting applications from teachers to participate in the 2015 Fort Ticonderoga Teacher Institute June 28 – July 3, 2015. The focus of this year’s institute is “The French & Indian War: Ticonderoga at the Center of a Global Conflict” and will accommodate 12 teachers for a week-long exploration of the pivotal role that Ticonderoga and the Champlain-Hudson corridor played in the global contest for empire. Applications are due April 15. Successful applicants will be notified by April 25 and will have until May 1, 2015 to accept or decline the offer.

teacherinstitute“The Fort Ticonderoga Teacher Institute is a great addition to our annual programs for educators,” said Beth Hill, President and CEO of Fort Ticonderoga. “This important program builds on the success of our first teacher institute in 2013 and our on-going experience with the National Endowment for the Humanities teacher workshops we’ve hosted. Fort Ticonderoga has become a nationally recognized leader in teacher education.”

“Fort Ticonderoga is thrilled to offer this unique opportunity for a small group of teachers to spend a week digging into the wealth of documents, objects, and material culture related to a specific year at Fort Ticonderoga,” noted Rich Strum, Fort Ticonderoga’s Director of Education and the Institute Director. “Full-time classroom teachers and school librarians in public, charter, independent, and religiously-affiliated schools are eligible to apply.”

“Our growing partnership with the Castleton State College in Vermont gives participating teachers the opportunity to earn three graduate credits upon completion of the designated project,” said Strum. “Fort Ticonderoga offers this week-long experience with limited out-of-pocket costs for teachers.”

Lead Scholar Jon Parmenter, from Cornell University, provides historical context while Fort Ticonderoga staff provides participants with behind-the-scenes opportunities, practical sessions on integrating documents and artifacts into the classroom, and immersive experiences related to the life of soldiers fighting for King and Country in the Ticonderoga wilderness. Participants are selected through a competitive application process.

Interested teachers can learn more by visiting Fort Ticonderoga’s website at Click on the “Education” tab and select “Educators” on the drop-down menu. Additional details and the application form are available on the website. Any questions can be directed toward Rich Strum at or (518) 585-6370.



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Fort Ticonderoga’s Seventh Annual Colonial America Conference Scheduled for Educators this May

Fort Ticonderoga will host the Seventh Annual Colonial America Conference for Educators on Friday, May 15, 2015, in the Deborah Clarke Mars Education Center. This day-long conference, while intended for educators, is open to anyone with an interest in helping connect students with history. The conference focuses on the period 1609-1783 and features presentations by classroom teachers, museum educators, and archivists.

thumb_SoldierThe conference precedes Fort Ticonderoga’s Twentieth Annual War College of the Seven Years’ War, a weekend-long seminar focused on the French & Indian War (1754-1763). Educators attending both the Conference and the War College receive a discount on conference registration and are eligible to earn one graduate credit through Castleton State College in Vermont.

Presentations at this year’s conference include:

  • “War Comes to the Convent: The Ursulines & the Siege of Quebec” led by Kathleen Baker from the Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • “The American Revolution through British Eyes Part II” led by Tim Potts from Robert J. Kaiser Middle School in Monticello, New York.
  • “Things Left Behind: Using Wills and Estate Inventories to Teach the Inquiry Process” led by Julie Daniels from the New York State Archives and Jessica Maul from the New York State Archives Partnership Trust.
  • “Viewpoints on the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga” led by Judd Kramarcik from the Islip School District in Islip, New York.
  • “Using Art, Primary Source and Children’s Literature to Explore American Revolution” led by Tod Guilford from Bluff Elementary School in Claremont, New Hampshire.
  • “We Hold These Truths to be Self-Evident” led by Wendy Bergeron from Winnacunnet High School in Hampton, New Hampshire.
  • “The End of an Atlantic Life: The Death of Sir William Johnson (1774) in Imperial Context” led by Jon Parmenter from Cornell University.

Pre-registration to attend the conference is required. The cost is $40 per person ($35 for educators also attending the War College) and includes a box lunch. Registration forms can be downloaded from Fort Ticonderoga’s website at under the “Education” tab by selecting “Educators” on the drop down menu. You can learn about other opportunities for educators at Fort Ticonderoga in 2015 on the same page.

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North Country Students Advance to New York State History Day


Mackenzie Strum, from Ticonderoga High School, placed first in the Senior Individual Performance category at North Country History Day for her performance “Frances Perkins: The Woman behind the New Deal.”

Eighteen middle and high school students from the North Country won top prizes at North Country History Day on Saturday, March 7th, at Fort Ticonderoga’s Deborah Clarke Mars Education Center. These students will advance to compete at New York State History Day in Cooperstown on April 27th.

“What a great day!” said Rich Strum, Fort Ticonderoga’s Director of Education and North Country Regional Coordinator for New York State History Day. “Not only was it exciting to see student projects, but it was great to see students from throughout the region sharing with each other their common interest in history and what history can teach us about ourselves. Each and every student participant invested a great deal of time and energy in historical research and creating compelling projects reflecting this year’s theme of Leadership and Legacy in History.”

Junior Division (Grades 6-8) North Country Regional winners include:

  • Aileen Crain and Grace Sayward, from a home school group in Champlain, New York, took first place in the Group Performance category with their performance “The Blackwell Sister.”
  • Jacob Andre, from Peru Middle School, Peru, New York, took first place in the Individual Exhibit category with his exhibit “Hammurabi: Leader of Babylon, Legacy of Laws.” Francis Kneussle, also from Peru Middle School, Peru, New York, took second place in the category with his exhibit “Alexander the Great.”
  • Lorelei Leerkes, Zoe Eggleston, Kiyanna Stockwell, and Molly Price, from St. Mary’s School, Ticonderoga, New York, took first place in the Group Exhibit category with their exhibit “Mary Walker, M.D.” Talandra Hurlburt and Natalie O’Neil, also from St. Mary’s School, Ticonderoga, New York, took second place in the category with their exhibit “The W.A.S.P.s.”

Senior Division (Grades 9-12) North Country Regional winners include:

  • Matthew Caito, from a home school group in Champlain, New York, took first place in the Historical Paper category with his paper “The Leadership and Legacy of Woodrow Wilson.” Ray Bryant, from Moriah Central School, Port Henry, New York, took second place in the category with his paper “Erwin Rommel.”
  • Mackenzie Strum, from Ticonderoga High School, Ticonderoga, New York, took first place in the Individual Performance category with her performance “Frances Perkins: The Woman Behind the New Deal.”
  • Liam Sayward and Benjamin Caito, from a home school group in Champlain, New York, took first place in the Group Performance category with their performance “Nikola Tesla, His Leadership and Legacy.”
  • Ethan Depo and Darcy Smith, from Peru High School, Peru, New York, took first place in the Group Exhibit category with their exhibit “Henry Ford: Assembling the Future.”
  • Nicholas Manfred, from Moriah Central School, Port Henry, New York, too first place in the Individual Website category with his website “Dave Brubeck: Writing for a Cause, Aspiring for a Better World.”

Participating schools included Moriah Central School, Peru High School, Peru Middle School, St. Mary’s School of Ticonderoga, and Ticonderoga High School, as well as home school students from the Champlain, New York area.

National History Day is the nation’s leading program for history education in schools. The program annually engages 2 million people in 48 states, the District of Columbia, and Guam. Students research history topics of their choice related to an annual theme and create exhibits, documentaries, performances, research papers, and website designs. They may enter in competition at the regional, state, and national level. Participants include students in grades 6-8 in the Junior Division and grades 9-12 in the Senior Division. National History Day also provides educational services to students and teachers, including a summer internship program, curricular materials, internet resources, and annual teacher workshops and training institutes. Fort Ticonderoga hosts teacher workshops about History Day each fall in the North Country and Regional Coordinator Rich Strum is available to meet with teachers at their schools to introduce the program. According to an article in the Wall Street Journal in 2011, “Students who participate in National History Day—a year-long program that gets students in grades 6-12 doing historical research—consistently outperform their peers on state standardized tests, not only in social studies but in science and math as well.”

Teachers and students from Clinton, Essex, Franklin, and Warren counties interested in participating in North Country History Day during the 2015-16 school year should contact Rich Strum, North Country Regional Coordinator for New York State History Day, at or at (518) 585-6370.

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Let’s get ready for the Garden Symposium!

It’s hard to imagine that this white wintry landscape will soon be rejuvenated with vibrant color. Spring is around the corner, and before we know it, it’ll be time to put our hands and knees in the dirt to get our backyards back in planting shape. Whether you are an experienced gardener or just getting started, Fort Ticonderoga’s Fourth Annual Garden and Landscape Symposium (April 18th) is here to assist. We’ll have four speakers, all with specific expertise related to gardening in northern climates.  Speakers and sessions include:

  • “The Healing Garden: Traditional Medicinals for Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow” by Nancy Scarzello
  • “Save the Monarchs! Native Plants for Native Pollinators” by Emily DeBolt
  • “A Favorite Place of Resort for Strangers: The King’s Garden at Fort Ticonderoga” by Lucinda Brockway
  • “Getting Control of Your Perennial Garden” by Amy Ivy
  • Panel Discussion with all the speakers facilitated by Master Gardener Diane O’Connor

If you want a more detailed description, go ahead and click here!


In the meantime, as we patiently wait for the layers of snow and ice to melt away so we can trade in our hot chocolate for lemonade, let’s continue to reflect on our gardens from the indoors. Do you consider yourself a green thumb connoisseur? Yea or nay, some fun facts and trivia will help pass time until temps get into the double positive digits.

Tomato on Trial!

I’m sure this isn’t news, but it’s been long debated as to whether a tomato should be considered a fruit or a vegetable. This debate primarily originates from two sides, the botanist and the chef. Botanically speaking, a fruit is a seed-bearing structure that develops from the ovary of a flowering plant to serve as a dispersing agent. Vegetables, on the other hand, are all other plant parts, such as roots, leaves, and stems. By those standards, seedy outgrowths such as apples, squash, and, yes, tomatoes are all fruits. Roots such as beets, potatoes and turnips, leaves such as spinach, kale and lettuce, and stems such as celery and broccoli are all vegetables.

The outlook is quite different in culinary terms, however. A lot of foods that are (botanically speaking) fruits, but which are savory rather than sweet, are typically considered vegetables by chefs. Regardless, all fruits and vegetables listed above can be found throughout Fort Ticonderoga’s Gardens and eaten at America’s Fort Café!

What seems like a light-hearted dispute has actually generated quite the fever pitch. In 1893, the tomato found its way into the United States Supreme Court case Nix v. Hedden. The court ruled unanimously that a tomato is correctly identified as, and thus taxed as, a vegetable, for the purposes of the Tariff of 1883 on imported produce. They acknowledged that a tomato is a botanical fruit, but went with the culinary definition of fruits and vegetables, which also happened to coincide with the higher taxes on imported vegetables that they could then apply to the tomato.

zone map

Click photo to find your Plant Hardiness Zone.

Now for some trivia!

  1. Which plants are most likely to thrive in your zone? If you’re around Ticonderoga, your plant hardiness zone is 5a.
  2. Monarch caterpillars’ only source of food is Asclepias (milkweed). What kind of native milkweed plants flourish in your area?
  3. When is the ideal time to divide the perennials that are growing in your garden?
  4. Which perennials are invasive in your area, and most likely to take over in your garden?
  5. From the bark of which tree did the first type of aspirin, pain killer, and fever reducer come from?
  6. What local flora can you harvest for home medicinal remedies?

Looking for answers? Ask our experts at the Symposium!

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