Building Carpentry into 1776 Soldiers’ Life Programs

Far from battle, the soldiers' story at Fort Ticonderoga is often one of hard labor, such as felling trees to provide lumber for military construction.

Far from battle, the soldiers’ story at Fort Ticonderoga is often one of hard labor, such as felling trees to provide lumber for military construction.

Along with the excitement of portraying 1776 and the Fourth Pennsylvania battalion as they served at Ticonderoga in that year, the Department of Interpretation is excited about expanding its soldiers’ life programs into carpentry. Over the past few years, the modern need of equipping staff with time-specific clothing and footwear has spurred on the historic trades programs of tailoring and shoemaking. As living history programs continue to expand in and around the Fort, the need for wooden items as small as shelving and pipe boxes, or projects as large as soldiers’ huts have made period carpentry the next goal.

The growth of carpentry as part of soldiers programs is also part of telling the story of 1776.  Often we imagine that the fight for independence in terms of notable battles. No doubt the men of the Fourth Pennsylvania battalion had similar visions of their service when they first enlisted in early 1776. The reality of military life was more mechanical than martial.

The fatigue partys for the future are to begin work at 6 o clock & have their breakfast before they begin…They will be dismiss’d at twelve o clock for dinner till one o clock then work till seven.

Colonel Anthony Wayne, July 30th 1776

This two-man cross cut saw   cuts remarkably fast, sectioning felled trees into manageable logs, strategically cut for an intended size of post or board.

This two-man cross cut saw cuts remarkably fast, sectioning felled trees into manageable logs, strategically cut for an intended size of post or board.

 

The Northern Continental Army’s construction projects—such as extensive earthworks, bridges, soldiers’ huts and barracks, and a whole naval fleet—all required carpentry skills. In 2014 the Department of Interpretation will be able to hint at the labor of these soldiers and the massive scale of the army’s construction in 1776. For soldiers’ carpentry programming the Fort has been acquiring tools for the last two years, slowly building its stock of hand-forged reproduction tools. The slow approach has allowed for a focus on details. With a massive collection of hand-tools recovered archaeologically during the reconstruction of the Fort, there are ample examples of the diverse types of tools and different national styles therein: French, English, and American. Where ever possible, the interpretive staff has not only commissioned reproductions of axes, hammers, saws, and the like, but actually been a part of building them. This gives staff the ability to talk about their work with a perspective that goes all the way to forging out the tools of their trade. As winter slowly turns to spring, and the Fort’s opening in May approaches, the Department of Interpretation is putting this stock of tools to work, building the soldiers’ carpentry program right before visitors’ eyes.

The technical challenge and skill of simply producing lumber is almost as interesting as what is built from it. Moving a 400+ pound log puts practical applied science and teamwork on display for visitors, just as much as its historical context.

The technical challenge and skill of simply producing lumber is almost as interesting as what is built from it. Moving a 400+ pound log puts practical applied science and teamwork on display for visitors, just as much as its historical context.

Large projects, such as soldiers’ huts, require more than merely hand tools. Winter events have provided the opportunity to put tools to work, building the frames and equipment needed to tackle larger projects. Rather than purchasing timber, Fort staff have been carefully selecting trees with which make our own lumber by hand. In this winter’s living history events the entire process of creating lumber has been on display for visitors. A thick blanket of snow hasn’t stopped Fort staff and volunteers from felling trees with hand-forged axes based on examples in the Fort’s collection. Snow hasn’t stopped visitors from lending a hand, taking their turn sawing trees into sections with our five-foot long two-man cross cut saw. With a keen eye and careful cuts, these recreated soldiers have hewn these logs down into square beams inside the Fort itself.

Careful work with an ax shapes round logs down to square straight beams. These beams will mortised together as part of the frame for a pit saw which will allow for logs to be ripped into boards as part of soldiers' life programming.

Careful work with an ax shapes round logs down to square straight beams. These beams will mortised together as part of the frame for a pit saw which will allow for logs to be ripped into boards as part of soldiers’ life programming.

No program is stronger than its foundation. Hand-hewn beams, felled by hand, with hand-forged tools will be built into a frame to support a pit-saw and a sled for oxen to move logs and beams. The pit saw will allow the Fort’s recreated soldiers to hand-saw boards for building projects. Even with a sawmill at the falls of the LaChute river, which the Continental army ran nearly continuously in 1776, soldiers were still detailed to saw boards by hand. For special events the real, modern need to move sectioned logs will be accomplished by oxen as in 1776, with soldiers serving as drovers.  In 1776 Chief Engineer Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin hired professional carpenters to teach soldiers as well as work themselves. Today, great thanks goes to the carpenters of Colonial Williamsburg and Eric Schatzel Forgeworks, for their guidance and help in developing soldiers carpentry in 2014. Carpentry at Fort Ticonderoga, like other trades—tailoring and shoemaking—is more than just tools and projects, it’s about stories. There is today’s story of recreating the trade and slowly building up the tools, equipment, and know-how to do neat work for the Fort. There is yesterday’s story of 1776 and building a fortified army camp around this Old French Fort. Hopefully, the two stories parallel each other closely enough that soldiers’ carpentry will provide moments for staff and visitors that are “living history.”

All aspects of soldiers' lives, relied on teamwork whether fighting, cooking, or surviving a campaign. Soldiers' carpentry is no exception and provide an exciting project with which to tell the much bigger story of 1776, one chop at a time.

All aspects of soldiers’ lives relied on teamwork whether fighting, cooking, or surviving a campaign. Soldiers’ carpentry is no exception and provide an exciting project with which to tell the much bigger story of 1776, one chop at a time.

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Fort Ticonderoga Awards Teacher Scholarships

Fort Ticonderoga is pleased to announce the recipients of teacher scholarships to attend the Nineteenth Annual War College of the Seven Years’ War May 16-18, 2014. They are:

• Bryan Crowe, Amsterdam High School, Amsterdam, New York
• Nancy Spagnola, Amsterdam High School, Amsterdam, New York
• Charleen Vasilevsky, Somers Middle School, Somers, New York

Since 2001, Fort Ticonderoga has provided 115 scholarships for teachers to attend its seminars and conferences at no cost, including 63 scholarships to attend the War College of the Seven Years’ War. Teachers from 14 states and two Canadian provinces have been awarded War College scholarships over the past 13 years. These scholarships are made possible by the generous support of War College patrons.

The War College of Seven Years’ War focuses on the French & Indian War in North America (1754-1763), bringing together a panel of distinguished historians from around the country and beyond. The War College takes place in the Deborah Clarke Mars Education Center and is open to the public; pre-registration is required. Space is limited. Those who are interested should register early. A War College brochure and registration form can be downloaded here.

Fort Ticonderoga also offers teacher scholarships for the Eleventh Annual Fort Ticonderoga Seminar on the American Revolution (September 19-21). Brochures and teacher scholarship applications are both available here. Teacher Scholarship applications for the September seminar are due August 15th.

Rich Strum
Director of Education

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View of the Ruins of Ticonderoga Forts on Lake Champlain

The earliest known published image of Fort Ticonderoga's ruins.

The earliest-known published image of Fort Ticonderoga’s ruins.

The earliest-known published image of the ruins of Fort Ticonderoga is View of the Ruins of Ticonderoga Forts on Lake Champlain, a line engraving by Gideon Fairman after a sketch by Hugh Reinagle published in Analectic Magazine, Philadelphia, vol. II, no. 4 (April 1818), frontispiece, opp. p. 273.  Artist Hugh Reinagle (ca. 1788-1834) probably visited the Champlain Valley in the summer of 1815 to make sketches for his monumental painting [and print] celebrating the American Navy’s defeat of British at the Battle of Plattsburgh, September 11, 1814. During this trip he likely visited the ruins and produced several sketches of Fort Ticonderoga. One of his images became the basis for this engraving produced by Gideon Fairman (1774-1827) and published in April 1818. The engraving accompanied an article reflecting on the history and significance of the Fort noting:

“the beauty of the situation, and curiosity, excited by a recollection of the events on Lake Champlain, now peacefully navigated by the steamboat, which carries passengers at a very moderate rate, contribute to attract the resort of numerous travelers in the summer season, and to attach something more than an ordinary interest to the scene represented.”

Like so many 19th-century images of Fort Ticonderoga, the details of the Fort’s ruins are a bit more dramatically rendered then they actually were.  Interestingly, however, there appears on the shore below the fort a small rectangular structure representing a stone storehouse constructed by the French army in 1756 which existed on that spot until the early 1850s.  The steamboat on the lake is a reminder that already in 1818, Lake Champlain was an active transportation corridor with a dock below Fort Ticonderoga’s ruins that served as the place where travellers made the short overland treck to the steamers on Lake George.

Blog post by Christopher D. Fox, Curator, Fort Ticonderoga.

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New Featured Annual: Bupleurum

There’s always something new in the gardens at Fort Ticonderoga. The Discovery Gardens located just outside the walled formal garden are the perfect place to experiment with plants that are not the usual garden center fare.  One example is Bupleurum, commonly called Thoroughwax or Hare’s ear.  It’s striking chartreuse flower color is reminiscent of Lady’s mantle.

240px-Illustration_Bupleurum_rotundifolium0[1]According to our supplier, Fedco Seeds,

“Though not well known outside of Dutch flower auctions where it commands a price similar to roses, this unique plant with yellowish flowers and round leaves gets attention from dried-flower growers. Its well-branched 2′ stems air-dry perfectly, retaining their green color and looking like they had been dried in glycerin. Because each stem fans out, an individual stem provides backdrop for an entire arrangement, either fresh or dried.” (Green Gold Bupleurum, Bupleurum griffithii, aka B. rotundifolium )

Sounds like a winner. Check with us at King’s Garden this season to see this interesting annual for yourself!

Heidi teRiele Karkoski
Director of Horticulture

 

 

 

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Area Students Advance to New York State History Day

What a great day! Thirty middle and high school students from the North Country won top prizes at North Country History Day on Saturday, March 8th, at Fort Ticonderoga’s Deborah Clarke Mars Education Center. These students will advance to compete at New York State History Day in Cooperstown on April 28th.

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Judges review student exhibits during North Country History Day March 8th.

Not only was it exciting to see student projects, but it was great to see students from throughout the region sharing with each other their common interest in history and what history can teach us about ourselves. Each and every student participant invested a great deal of time and energy in historical research and creating compelling projects reflecting this year’s theme of Rights and Responsibilities in History.

Junior Division (Grades 6-8) North Country Regional winners include:

  • Grace Sayward and Aileen Crain, from a home school group in Champlain, New York, took first place in the Group Performance category with their performance “Mill Girls of Lowell.” Amanda Ennis and Samantha Boyea, from Greenwich Central School, took second place with their performance “Carson’s Controversy.”

    Francis Kneussle's Junior Individual Exhibit on "The Feudal System."

    Francis Kneussle’s Junior Individual Exhibit on “The Feudal System.”

  • Francis Kneussle, from Peru Middle School, took first place in the Individual Exhibit category with his exhibit “The Feudal System: A Hierarchy of Power and Privilege.” Michael Casey, from Greenwich Central School, took second place with his exhibit “The Slave Amendments: How They Gave the Slaves Rights.”
  • Talandra Hurlburt and Brooke Lauzon, from St. Mary’s School in Ticonderoga, took first place in the Group Exhibit category with their exhibit “Rights and Responsibilities of Athens and Greece.” Sophie Bryant and Samantha Staples, from Moriah Central School, took second place with their exhibit “Rights and Responsibilities of the Roman Empire.”
  • Ben Caito and Liam Sayward, from a home school group in Champlain, New York, took first place in the Group Web Site Category with their web site “Maximilien Robespierre’s Changing Position on the Right-to-Life vs. Thomas Paine’s Unchanging Commitment.”

Senior Division (Grades 9-12) North Country Regional winners include:

  • Janelle Williams, from Greenwich Central School, took first place in the Historical Paper category with her paper “Sacco and Vanzetti: A Case of Immigrant Rights.” Christopher VanDerwerker, from Greenwich Central School, took second place with his paper “Rights and Responsibilities during the Philippine-American War.”
  • Jamie Vogt and Taylor Morse, from Peru High School, took first place in the Group Documentary category with their documentary “No More Miss America!”
  • Jarron Boyle, Tanner Conley, and Tanner Whalen, from Moriah Central School, took first place in the Group Performance category with their performance “Abortion Debate.”
  • Karla Hayes, from Moriah Central School, took first place in the Individual Exhibit category with her exhibit “Human Trafficking: Rights and Responsibilities of Mankind.”
  • Ethan Depo and Darcy Smith, from Peru High School, took first place in the Group Exhibit category with their exhibit “The Brady Bill: A Stepping Stone for Gun Control.” Christina Lashway, Alexandra Lashway, Nick Manfred, Alice Cochran, and Shonna Provoncha took second place for their exhibit “Nuclear Energy: Advance without Imperilment.”
  • Dylan Scozzafava, Jonathan Brassard, Kyle Gifaldi, Cole Gaddor, and Thomas Yakalis, from Moriah Central School, took first place in the Group Website category with their web site “Arms: Rights or Responsibilities.”

A special prize for the best use of primary sources, sponsored by the “Ticonderoga, the First 250 Years” Committee, was awarded to Grace Sayward and Aileen Crain, from a home school group in Champlain, New York, for their Group Performance “Mill Girls of Lowell.”

Participating schools included Greenwich Central School, Moriah Central School, Peru High School, Peru Middle School, and St. Mary’s School (Ticonderoga) as well as home school students from the Champlain, New York area. A total of 66 students with 36 entries participated in North Country Regional History Day.

National History Day is the nation’s leading program for history education in schools. The program annually engages 2 million people in 48 states, the District of Columbia, and Guam. Students research history topics of their choice related to an annual theme and create exhibits, documentaries, performances, research papers, and website designs. They may enter in competition at the regional, state, and national level. Participants include students in grades 6-8 in the Junior Division and grades 9-12 in the Senior Division. National History Day also provides educational services to students and teachers, including a summer internship program, curricular materials, internet resources, and annual teacher workshops and training institutes. Fort Ticonderoga hosts teacher workshops about History Day each fall in the North Country and Regional Coordinator Rich Strum is available to meet with teachers at their schools to introduce the program. According to an article in the Wall Street Journal in 2011, “Students who participate in National History Day—actually a year-long program that gets students in grades 6-12 doing historical research—consistently outperform their peers on state standardized tests, not only in social studies but in science and math as well.”

Teachers and students from Clinton, Essex, Franklin, and Warren counties interested in participating in North Country History Day during the 2014-15 school year should go to our History Day web page.

Rich Strum, Director of Education

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Delving Into the Year 1776 with Educators

I am looking forward to this summer when we have a number of opportunities for educators to spend in-depth time at Fort Ticonderoga exploring various topics. We are now accepting applications from teachers to participate in the 2014 Fort Ticonderoga Teacher Institute July 13-17, 2014. The focus of this year’s institute is “1776 at Ticonderoga” and will accommodate 14 teachers for a week-long exploration of the critical year of Independence as it unfolded at Fort Ticonderoga. Applications are due April 15th.

2013 Fort Ticonderoga Teacher Institute participants pose on Mount Defiance at the beginning of their week.

2013 Fort Ticonderoga Teacher Institute participants pose on Mount Defiance at the beginning of their week.

The Fort Ticonderoga Teacher Institute is a great addition to our annual programs for educators. This important program builds on the success of our first teacher institute in 2013 and our on-going experience with the National Endowment for the Humanities teacher workshops we’ve hosted.

Fort Ticonderoga is thrilled to offer this unique opportunity for a small group of teachers to spend a week digging into the wealth of documents, objects, and material culture related to a specific year at Fort Ticonderoga. Full-time classroom teachers and school librarians in public, charter, independent, and religiously-affiliated schools are eligible to apply. Our growing partnership with the College of St. Joseph in Vermont gives participating teachers the opportunity to earn three graduate credits upon completion of the designated project. Fort Ticonderoga offers this week-long experience with limited out-of-pocket costs for teachers.

During the course of the week, teachers will work with author and historian James L. Nelson. They will explore topics related to the failed invasion of Canada and the subsequent retreat to Ticonderoga, the structure of the Continental Army, the construction and manning of a fleet to protect Lake Champlain, and how the events of 1776 at Ticonderoga helped lay the groundwork for a stunning American victory at Saratoga the following year.

Rowing a Bateau

Educators in a past Teacher Institute crew the Fort’s 30-foot bateau.

Teachers will work with original documents in the Fort Ticonderoga collection. Tim Potts, Past President of the New York State Council for the Social Studies, will interact with teachers throughout the week, leading them through pedagogical activities applicable in the classroom.

Several immersive experiences will allow teachers a greater appreciation of the day to day work of Continental soldiers that served at Ticonderoga in 1776. Teahers will become the crew of a 30-foot bateau on Lake Champlain, take part in wood-working activities, and cook a meal in an 18th-century field kitchen.

Interested teachers can learn more by visiting Fort Ticonderoga’s website at this link.

Rich Strum
Director of Education

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Grow a Salad Quilt

It’s a real treat to make a trip to the garden with basket in hand to pick fresh greens for a salad.  I like to pick enough for just a day or two at a time so the greens are as crisp as possible.  Are you planning to grow vegetables this season?  Here’s an idea from the King’s Garden that challenges you to think “inside the box” when planting your lettuce patch.  The “Salad Quilt” is a feature planned for the Children’s Garden that has been a visitor favorite in the past.

Salad quilt plan image
Layout for “Salad Quilt”

Start with a prepared seed bed (ours is 6 feet square), but you can modify the size to suit your needs.  Bamboo stakes are perfect for laying out the perimeter and the lines that will form the “patches.”  Each type of vegetable is planted in a 2′x2′ square.  Leaving the stakes in place reinforces the geometric pattern.  Sow thickly; you can thin the crop as they grow in and those unwanted seedlings will be the first harvest.  Follow sowing directions on the individual packets; you want to use closer than recommended spacing for the best effect.  Use an intensive gardening method where the center of one plant is the same distance from the centers of plants on all sides of it.  However, plants should not be crowded to the point at which disease problems arise or competition causes stunting.

A variety of lettuces, plus spinach, chard, arugula, kale and other leafy greens were chosen for this year’s display.  Be creative!  Think leaf color, shape and texture when designing your quilt.  The inspiration for me comes from Victorian-style carpet bedding where colorful foliage plants are spaced closely together form a picture.  Frequent harvesting yields the tenderest leaves and keeps the look neat.

More inspiration: Colorful lettuce display at Montreal Botanic Garden

More inspiration: Colorful lettuce display at Montreal Botanic Garden

Your patchwork garden should produce regularly for weeks until the heat of summer takes hold.  These greens are cool weather crops, meaning that they thrive in temperatures between 60 and 65 degrees but are intolerant of high summer temperatures.  A second sowing in early August (for us northerners) is possible for late summer and fall harvesting.  This can be a little tricky if the temperatures haven’t moderated, but picking salad greens in October is very rewarding!  Another option is to sow a fall crop of beets and carrots in the space.

Be sure to visit the gardens early in the season to see our colorful quilt.  The King’s Garden opens on Saturday, May 24th, and the tasty greens should be ready to be turned into delicious salads in the America’s Fort Café beginning in early June.  Get ready to say bon appétit!

Heidi teRiele Karkoski
Director of Horticulture

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North Country History Day is More than “a Day”

Next month 66 students from across northern New York will compete at North Country History Day held here at Fort Ticonderoga. Students placing first and second in their categories on March 8th will advance to represent the region at New York State History Day in Cooperstown on April 28th.

Student winner of an award "Best Use of Primary Sources" at North Country History Day 2013. The award was sponsored by the "Ticonderoga, the First 250 Years" committee.

Student winner of an award “Best Use of Primary Sources” at North Country History Day 2013. The award was sponsored by the “Ticonderoga, the First 250 Years” committee.

Each year two million students all across the country participate in the National History Day program. Students research history topics of their choice related to an annual theme and create exhibits, documentaries, performances, research papers, and website designs. They may enter in competition at the regional, state, and national level. Participants include students in grades 6-8 in the Junior Division and grades 9-12 in the Senior Division. National History Day also provides educational services to students and teachers, including a summer internship program, curricular materials, internet resources, and annual teacher workshops and training institutes.

This year’s National History Day theme is “Rights and Responsibilities in History.” Student projects can focus on any aspect of American or World history, but must make a connection to the theme.

Recent research shows that students who participate in the National History Day program consistently out perform their peers in state standardized tests, not only in social studies but in science and math as well! Students learn valuable research and critical-thinking skills essential to success in today’s business world.

A judge examines a student exhibit entry at North Country History Day in 2013.

A judge examines a student exhibit entry at North Country History Day in 2013.

Eighteen volunteers help make History Day happen at Fort Ticonderoga. These members of the regional community serve as judges, diligently viewing student projects, providing constructive feedback and interviewing each student participant.

Members of the public are invited to view student projects between 12:30 and 3:00. Student-created performances run from 12:30-1:30 and exhibits are open from 1:30-3:00. The public can also attend the Awards Ceremony at 3:00. North Country History Day takes place in the Deborah Clarke Mars Education Center at Fort Ticonderoga and has been coordinated by the Fort since 2008.

Click here to learn more about North Country History Day and how students can participate.

I invite you to come and see the great work in history our regional students are doing!

Rich Strum
Director of Education and
North Country Regional Coordinator for New York State History Day

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Of Love, Duty, and Affection

Our team spends a lot of time talking about the power of Fort Ticonderoga’s stories. Fort Ticonderoga’s history is epic and pivotal in the French & Indian War and American Revolution. It was the key to the continent. It is also the site of landmark preservation and heritage tourism in the 19th century and monumental restoration in the 20th century.

This letter written by Alexander Scammell to Naby Bishop in 1777 is owned by the Fort Ticonderoga Museum

This letter written by Alexander Scammell to Naby Bishop in 1777 is owned by the Fort Ticonderoga Museum

As you pull back the curtain on the broad historical (and powerful!) themes, you will find very personal and intimate stories. Stories that highlight emotions that transcend time and connect us as people to the past to those who loved, struggled, hoped, and sacrificed.

In the spirit of Valentines Day here is a love letter written by Alexander Scammell to his love Naby Bishop in 1777 from Ticonderoga. Scammell shares his deep affection with Naby, his longing desire to be with her, and his devotion to his country in the fight for liberty.

Scammel was born in Mendon, Massachusetts in 1747, was a Harvard educated attorney, and an officer in the Continental Army in the Revolutionary War. He was wounded on September 30, 1781 near Yorktown and died on October 6 in Williamsburg, Virginia making him the highest ranking American officer killed at the siege of Yorktown.

(Ticonderoga)
June 8th 1777

My Dearest Naby,
After a very severe march one hundred miles of the way on foot, through the woods in an excessive miry Road, wet, rainy weather accompanied with Snow and Hail, I arrived the 20th of May at Ticonderoga. Am now stationed at what is called the French Lines, where the British army last war met with such a fatal defeat, and lost so many men and if they make an attempt upon us in the same place I nothing doubt we shall be able by the smiles of superintendant Providence to give them as fatal an overthrow—Our men are well supplied, and I am of opinion will behave well—The blood of our murdered countrymen cry for Vengeance on those British villains and I hope we shall be the just Instruments of revenge. Though I should much rather be able to retire to enjoy the sweets of Liberty and domestic happiness, but more especially the pleasing Charms of your dear Company. But as long as my Country demands my utmost Exertions, I must devote myself, entirely to its Service –though and worthy sett of Officers—But my men are undisciplined, they are exposed to severe Duty, many of them sick and put poorly covered. They look up to me as a common father, and you may well Judge of my disagreeable sensations, when I am unable to afford them, or procure wherewithal to make them comfortable. However, I shall endeavor to do all that I can for them, and if possible make them pay me ready and implicit Obedience, through Love and Affection, rather than through Fear and Dread. We at present have a very agreeable & healthy Situation—In good Spirits, and have good provisions—And hope early next Fall or Winter to do myself the pleasure of waiting upon you at Mystic unless you should forbid it. The tender moments which we have spent together still, and ever will remain fresh in my memory—You are ever present in my enraptured heart– & a mutual return of Affection from you I find more and more necessary to my Happiness—cherish the Love my dearest Naby, which you have so generously professed for me – Although I am far distant from you, still remember that I am your constant, and most affectionate admirer—I should have wrote you sooner, but being ordered upon the disagreeable Command of sitting as president of a General Court Martial to try men for their Lives, many of which have justly forfeited them and to try several Villains who have attempted to spread small Pox —I assure you that it is a most trying Birth, and has worried my mind more than any command I was ever upon—But hope I shall ever be able to discharge my Duty in such a manner as never to be subject to any and this is the first opportunity I had of writing to you—I hope therefore that you will not impute any neglect to me but ever consider me unalterably thine –My Lovely Girl, write every Opportunity to

Your Alexander Scammell

Write to me every Opportunity Miss Naby Bishop

P.S. I long for the time when through you I can send my dutiful regards to you honored parents by the tender Name of Father & Mother
June 23rd, 1777

I congratulate you upon the Cause of your Fear being removed as Burgoyne is going to attack Ticonderoga & not Boston –I hope we shall be able to keep him off.

Writen by Beth Hill, President and CEO, Fort Ticonderoga

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112 Teacher Scholarships and Counting

It’s hard to believe that since 2001, Fort Ticonderoga has provided scholarships for 112 teachers to attend its seminars and symposia at no cost. Scholarship winners have come from 17 different states and two Canadian provinces. Of those 112 scholarships, 60 have been for the Fort’s oldest seminar, the War College of the Seven Years’ War.

Fort Ticonderoga is pleased to offer scholarships for four teachers at the middle school or high school level to attend this year’s annual War College of the Seven Years’ War, to be held May 16-18, 2014. This annual seminar focuses on the French & Indian War in North America (1754-1763), bringing together a panel of distinguished historians from around the country and beyond. The War College takes place in the Deborah Clarke Mars Education Center and is open to the public; pre-registration is required. The scholarships are available for educators who are first-time attendees at the War College.

Begun in 1996, the War College of the Seven Years’ War has become one of the premier seminars on the French & Indian War in the country. It features a mix of new and established scholars in an informal setting for a weekend of presentations related to the military, social, and cultural history of the French & Indian War. Since 2001, Fort Ticonderoga has provided scholarships for 60 teachers from across the country to attend the War College, and a total of 112 teacher scholarships to attend seminars and conferences at the Fort.

Teachers interested in applying for a scholarship to attend this year’s War College of the Seven Years’ War should download an application here. Applications are due by March 15th. Successful applicants will receive free registration, two box lunches, and an opportunity to dine with the War College speakers at a private dinner the Saturday of the War College.

The War College is open to the general public. The cost is $120 if registering before March 15th; $145 after that date. There are additional discounts for members of the Friends of Fort Ticonderoga. Registration forms can be downloaded here.

I look forward to seeing you at the Nineteenth Annual War College of the Seven Years’ War at Fort Ticonderoga this May!

Rich Strum

Director of Education

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