“The Great Wars” focus of Annual History Conference for Educators at Fort Ticonderoga this May

Arial view of Fort Ticonderoga

“The Great Wars: The French & Indian War and the First World War” will be the focus of the Tenth Annual History Conference for Educators to be held on Friday, May 18, 2018 at Fort Ticonderoga. Sessions focused on the French & Indian War (known as the Seven Years’ War in Europe) and World War I will answer the question on how global conflict affects local communities. Participants will learn about the scope and impact of “Great Wars” on society in general through the study of primary accounts.

“This conference explores the similarities and differences between the French & Indian War (1754-1763) and the First World War (1914-1918), both major global conflicts that started with seemingly minor incidents,” said Rich Strum, Director of Academic Programs at Fort Ticonderoga. “The conference introduces participants to a variety of techniques and methodologies for incorporating primary source documents into the curriculum, including Social Studies labs, case studies, and close reading of documents, to foster critical thinking in the classroom.”

This year’s conference coincides with the opening of a major new exhibition “Great Wars: Ticonderoga and World War I” that will forge connections between the core stories of Fort Ticonderoga in the 18th century with the centennial of the First World War. The exhibit will utilize artifacts, documents, and photographs never before displayed.

Pre-registration to attend the conference is required. The cost is $45 per person. Registration forms can be downloaded from Fort Ticonderoga’s website at www.fortticonderoga.org under the “Education” tab by selecting “Educators” on the drop down menu. You can learn about other opportunities for educators at Fort Ticonderoga in 2018 on the same page.

The Annual History Conference is one of numerous opportunities for continuing education at Fort Ticonderoga in 2018. You can learn more about these programs, including the Annual War College of the Seven Years’ War and the Seminar on the American Revolution, by visiting Fort Ticonderoga’s website at www.fortticonderoga.org and selecting “Education.”

America’s Fort is a registered trademark of the Fort Ticonderoga Association.

Photo: Registration is open for Fort Ticonderoga’s Tenth Annual History Conference for Educators on May 18, 2018. This year’s conference focuses on the French & Indian War and World War I as examples of global conflicts. Photo copyright Fort Ticonderoga; Photo credit Carl Heilman II.

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Largest and Best Stall Fed Cattle

a team of oxen with their skilled teamster.

Oxen are incredibly strong and can be very precise in moving sleds and vehicles. A skilled teamster or driver can get both of these qualities out of a team.

When we go shopping online today, we take for granted a whole network of planes, trains, and automobiles that can deliver whatever we order fast. Such convenience would have been miraculous in the early months of 1776. Colonel Benedict Arnold commanded about 1200 soldiers outside of Quebec, each in desperate need of food and basic supplies. Back in the fall of 1775, a fleet of large and small boats embarked from Ticonderoga down Lake Champlain with food coming from New England and New York. However, when the Lake froze solid enough, it turned into a road.

Teams of oxen pulled the majority of the sleds down the ice road North into Canada in the early winter of 1776. General Philip Schuyler, who commanded the Northern Department of the Continental Army from Albany, wrote to Walter Livingston to expedite the movement of supplies to Quebec on February 24, 1776:

By a litter just received from General Wooster, I find that there will be a Scarcity of provisions in Canada for our Troops, and he presses me to send him immediately what is at Tyconderoga. I have accordingly ordered 400 Barrels of pork to be sent on; the expense of which will amount to a very considerable sum, and yet that Quantity will not be sufficient to last until the Lake are passable by Water. I therefore propose that you should immediately purchase 100 or 150 of the largest and best Stall fed Cattle you can procure but as these cannot be sent on without carrying with the necessary forage to serve them on their Journey.

General Philip Schuyler continued his letter to Walter Livingston with details on how to equip this oxen train of supplies into Canada. Schuyler understood that this venture required proper sleds, good drivers, and cattle, as well as enough feed to keep them healthy.  If any piece of this oxen train was absent, it could cut the lifeline for American soldiers in Canada.

I propose that you should purchase ox sleds or any others in the Country that are shod with Wood;  one to every four Oxen, which would suffice to carry their Forrage and four Barrels of pork, or more from Fort George—If you can get the sleds, forage and Chains you will immediately purchase the Oxen and send them on, hiring Drivers to bring them to this Place, from whence I will cause Soldier’s to go with them to Montreal…You’ll observe that all the Oxen must be shod And this should be done by the people from whom you purchase them.

Three oxen grazing on green grass.

In the summertime, working cattle could graze on fresh grass.  During winter months pre-cut hay stored in barns would be dished out to hungry oxen.

Just as vehicles do not run without fuel, oxen could not pull without feed. In the midst of a food shortage for soldiers, Schuyler made sure to note, “Forrage and four Barrels of pork,” on each sled. Just like supply trucks laden with extra cans of fuel for the journey, oxen might not reach the American Army in Canada withoupacking their food as well.  During summer months, Oxen could graze on pastures for much of their feed. Additional feed would be given to oxen or cattle inside stalls within their barns. At the same time farmers cut their hay fields, raking, turning, and drying the hay in the sun before it was bundled and stored in large barns. To an army reliant on oxen for transportation in the winter of 1776, this hay was as vital as the barrels of salted pork they hauled. General Philip Schuyler wrote to his cousin, Assistant Deputy Quarter Master General Harmanus Schuyler on March 4, 1776 about protecting this vital resource:

I hope the Hay is particularly taken Care of and that you have applied to the commissary officer for a Centinel Night and Day upon it—If the Hay is wasted all our Operation are at an End.

A large wood yolk, used to secure a pair of cattle together.

The large wood yoke served the purpose of securing the pair of cattle together while giving them a comfortable mechanism to pull with. The iron rings from oxen yokes have been found archaeologically at Ticonderoga.

With great waterways frozen solid, teams of oxen and the tools and supplies to keep them driving but were vital to the Northern Continental Army in the winter of 1776. On a road of ice, oxen could pull heavy loads as fast as their drivers could walk with them. Oxen were footed on uneven and rough terrain, and were not fussy about the feed they were given. Two hundred and forty-two years ago, you would have seen Ticonderoga hustling and bustling with massive cattle ready to execute the resupply of a struggling American Army.

Join Fort Ticonderoga on March 24, 2018 and see the army logistics in action as cattle haul materials around the site during our Ordered to Join the Northern Army in Canada living history event!

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Regional Students to Advance to New York State History Day

Students with certificates from Fort Ticonderoga's 2018 History Day

Thirty-nine middle and high school students from the North Country with seventeen projects won top prizes at North Country History Day that took place on Saturday, March 3, 2018 at Fort Ticonderoga. These students will advance to compete at New York State History Day in Cooperstown on April 23, 2018.

“The National History Day program develops a passion for history,” said Rich Strum, Fort Ticonderoga’s Director of Academic Programs and North Country’s Regional Coordinator for New York State History Day. “History Day provides students with an opportunity to explore a topic which interests them while relating to an annual theme. This year’s theme was ‘Conflict and Compromise in History’ and projects spanned centuries of topics from the Salem Witch Trials to World War One.”

The top two projects in each category won the right to represent the North Country at New York State History Day. Winners at the state level go on to compete in National History Day in Maryland in June. Over the past eight years, two North Country projects have advanced to the national contest.

National History Day is the nation’s leading program for history education in schools. The program annually engages 2 million people in 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Teachers and students from Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton, St. Lawrence, and Warren counties interested in participating in North Country History Day during the 2018-2019 school year should contact Rich Strum at rstrum@fort-ticonderoga.org or (518) 585-6370. Next year’s theme is “Triumph and Tragedy in History.”

Junior Division (Grades 6-8) North Country Regional winners include:

  • Maggie Sorensen, from North Country Home Schoolers, placed first in the Historical Paper category with her paper “The Boston Tea Party: Conflict over Representation.”
  • Allison Carvel, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed second in the Historical Paper category with her paper “The Crucible of Salem.”
  • Cole Siebels and Carter Therett, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed first in the Group Documentary category with their documentary “The Pacific War.”
  • Garrett Beebe, Madeline Lender, and Robert O’Neil, from St. Mary’s School in Ticonderoga, placed second in the Group Documentary category with their documentary “Operation Paper Clip.”
  • Madelynne Hay Spano and Caitlyn Storie, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed first in the Group Performance category with their performance “The Conflict and Compromise: Galileo.”
  • Emma Hicks, Grace Mashaw, Janay Smith, and Felicia Tallon, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed second in the Group Performance category with their performance “American Revolution Drama.”
  • Kathryn Moran, from St. Mary’s School in Ticonderoga, placed first in the Individual Exhibit category with her exhibit “The Connecticut Compromise.”
  • Riley Seaman, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed second in the Individual Exhibit category with her exhibit “The Salem Witch Trials: Sarah Good.”
  • Ava Bartholomew, Mariah Manning, and Elizabeth Riutta, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed first in the Group Exhibit category with their exhibit “Compromise of 1850.”
  • Addison Conklin, Randi Griffith, and Rikki Griffith, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed second in the Group Exhibit category with their exhibit “The Greensboro Sit-Ins.”
  • Maya Bartleson, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed first in the Individual Website category with her website “The 54th Massachusetts Regiment.”
  • Alex Clancy, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed second in the Individual Website category with his website “Mary Tudor the First: Queen ‘Bloody’ Mary.”
  • Ashton Bowman, William Riutta, and Gunner Simmons, from Gouverneur Middle School, placed first in the Group Website category with their website “How Men Stood Up for Women.”

Senior Division (Grades 9-12) North Country Regional winners include:

  • Grace Sayward and Liam Sayward, from North Country Home Schoolers, placed first in the Group Performance category with their performance “The War over Grapes.”
  • Sarah Anderson, Dyani Bryant, Jonathan Gibbs, Joshua Winter, and Mackenzie Peters, from Moriah Central School, placed first in the Group Exhibit category for their exhibit “Power or Equality? How a Compromise let to the End of Reconstruction.”
  • Jaiden Varmette, Taylor Brassard, Madeline Cochran, Karen King, and Malika Saleem, from Moriah Central School, placed second in the Group Exhibit category for their exhibit “Newsies: An Overview.”
  • Clayton Wilhelm, a home school student from Glens Falls, placed first in the Individual Website category with his website “Marathon—With Conflict Comes Compromise.”

Two special prizes were also awarded:

  • For outstanding use of primary sources for an individual project, sponsored by New York State Archives and the New York State Archives Partnership: Riley Seaman, from Gouverneur Middle School, for her exhibit “The Salem Witch Trials: Sarah Good.”
  • For an outstanding junior level project demonstrating the theme “Conflict and Compromise in History,” sponsored by the Adirondack Torch Club: Lily McNulty, Hannah Porter, and Eliza Strum, from Ticonderoga Middle School, for their exhibit “The Newsboys Strike of 1899.”

Participating schools included Gouverneur Middle School, Moriah Central School, St. Mary’s School (Ticonderoga), and Ticonderoga Middle School, as well as home school students from North Country Home Schoolers in Clinton County and Home School students from Warren County.

America’s Fort is a registered trademark of the Fort Ticonderoga Association.

Photo: Caitlyn Storie, Addison Conklin, and Rikki Griffith were among the students from Gouverneur Middle School who participated in North Country History Day at Fort Ticonderoga on March 3, 2018. 

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Ordered to Join the Northern Army in Canada Living History Event at Fort Ticonderoga March 24

Reenactors in FormationJoin Fort Ticonderoga for a one-day living history event Saturday, March 24, 2018 to meet new recruits and veteran troops from New York as they prepare to join the ongoing Continental Army campaign against Canada in the spring of 1776. Living history demonstrations throughout the day feature the weapons, tactics, trades, and people needed for fighting and surviving in the Continental Army’s Northern Department. For more information, call 518-585-2821 or visit www.fortticonderoga.org.

Highlighted programming throughout the day brings to life the struggle to keep an American army alive in March of 1776. Meet the reinforcements headed for northern forts and Canada as they drill to defend Ticonderoga as a vital and strategic link in the military supply chain. Walk alongside powerful oxen as they haul logs miles from the woods surrounding Ticonderoga. Listen as leather heels strike the ground as soldiers march in step and see artillery artificers cast and cut metal to make cannon ammunition. Watch the carpenters, drafted from among soldiers, hard at work as they turn logs and lumber into crates, sleds, and beams.

“This living history event will highlight the story of the struggle for liberty in the first full year of the war for American Independence,” said Beth Hill, President & CEO. “Our commitment to bringing the dramatic and real story of our past to life through unforgettable programs such as the Ordered to Join the Northern Army in Canada living history event is an opportunity to share with our visitors the importance of Ticonderoga in the founding of America.”

Admission to the event is $12 for the general public and free to Fort Ticonderoga Members, Ambassador Pass holders, and children age four and under.

America’s Fort is a registered trademark of the Fort Ticonderoga Association.

Photo: Join Fort Ticonderoga on Saturday, March 24 for the Ordered the Join the Northern Army in Canada living history event from 10:00 am – 4:00 pm. Photo credit Fort Ticonderoga.

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March Fort Fever Program Part of National Women’s History Month Celebration “Sarah Pell and her Struggle for History & Human Rights”

Sarah Pell showing leadershipFort Ticonderoga’s “Fort Fever Series” continues on Sunday, March 11, at 2:00 p.m. with a program on “A ‘Charmingly Aggressive Woman’ Sarah Pell’s Struggle for History & Human Rights” presented by Miranda Peters, Fort Ticonderoga’s Director of Collections. During this program, explore images, archival materials, and collections never before seen by the public, and recently cataloged by museum staff that reveal glimpses of Sarah Pell’s impactful work. This program is part of the National Women’s History Month celebration.

“Sarah was a strong woman who advocated for civic duty, preservation, and the many layered stories here at Ticonderoga,” said Miranda Peters, Director of Collections. “Ticonderoga museum staff have recently rediscovered hundreds of photographs, pieces of correspondence, and objects connecting us to Sarah and her remarkable story in new ways.”

Described by a contemporary as a “charmingly aggressive woman,” most early newspapers identified Sarah as a prime mover behind Fort Ticonderoga’s restoration in the early 20th century. She believed strongly in the value of preserving the past for the benefit of the future. In addition to her work with the museum, Sarah was active in restoring the Pavilion into a summer home, developing the King’s Garden, and was a tireless advocate for women’s rights. Although engaged with the suffrage movements across the Atlantic as early as 1913, it was later in her life that she became the most deeply engaged. Sarah joined the National Woman’s Party (NWP) in the 1920s, setting it on the path of financial stability, and become the NWP National Chair in 1936, where she picked up the work left after suffrage was achieved. During her tenure, she reintroduced the Equal Rights Amendment written by Alice Paul in 1923, who had visited the Pavilion at NWP events in Ticonderoga.

Tickets for the Fort Fever program are $12 per person and can be purchased at the door; Fort Ticonderoga Members and Ticonderoga Ambassador Pass holders are admitted free of cost. The program will take place in the Mars Education Center.

A new exhibit at the Mars Education Center focuses on Sarah’s pioneering role in historical preservation and women’s rights to learn how the past informs our work in the present, and the layers of history that can be uncovered here at Ticonderoga. https://www.fortticonderoga.org/visit/museum-exhibit/Sarah-Pell

America’s Fort is a registered trademark of the Fort Ticonderoga Association.

Photo: “Mrs. Pell, President Taft, A. C. Bossom” July 6, 1909. Fort Ticonderoga Museum.

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Happy Birthday George Washington! First President and Ticonderoga’s First Tourist

Portrait of George Washington part of Fort Ticonderoga Museum Collections.

This portrait by Charles Peale Polk int he Fort Ticonderoga Museum Collections was painted at the height of Washington’s popularity in the late 1790’s, depicting him as the hero of the Battle of Princeton. Copyright Fort Ticonderoga. Photo Credit Gavin Ashworth.

Today marks the 286th birthday of George Washington. At the time of his death in 1799, he was lauded as “First in War, First in Peace, and First in the Hearts of His Countryman” by Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee. George Washington was Ticonderoga’s first tourist and visited the abandoned Fort Ticonderoga in 1783, while waiting for definitive peace to be signed that would acknowledge the Independence of the United States.

Washington’s military career stretched from the French & Indian War in 1754 through his relinquishing of command of the Continental Army in December 1783. Throughout the early years of the Revolution Washington was concerned with the defenses at Ticonderoga.

As an example, Washington writes from New York to General Philip Schuyler on June 9, 1776:

It is not in my power to spare any more men from hence, either for the communication, or to assist in repairing Ticonderoga. The detachments already gone to Canada have weakened the forces necessary for the defence of this place, considering its importance more, perhaps, than policy will justify. . . .
I esteem it a matter of importance not only to fortify and secure Ticonderoga, but every other post on the communication; and that you should garrison them with men under judicious and spirited officers, to be fixed there, who might be called to account for misconduct, which is difficult to do where they are shifting and changing continually, and who would esteem it their indispensable duty to carry on and maintain the works against any surprises or attacks tha may be attempted. I have written to Congress to appoint Engineers, if they can fix upon proper persons for the office. If you know of any, you had better employ them. I am confident Congress will allow them the usual pay.

General Washington finally visited Fort Ticonderoga in July 1783 while awaiting the official cessation of hostilities with Great Britain. Washington wrote the President of Congress that:

In most disagreeable circumstances here, anxiously expecting the Definitive Treaty without command and with little else to do than to be teazed with troublesome Applications and fruitless demands…I have resolved to wear away a little time in Performing a Tour to the Northward as far north as Tyconderoga and Crown Point and perhaps as far up the Mohawk River as Fort Schuyler. I shall leave this place on Friday next and shall probably be gone about two weeks.

Washington also wrote to General Philip Schuyler the previous day:

 I have always entertained a great desire to see the northern part of this State before I return to the Southward. The present irksome interval while we are waiting for the definitive Treaty affords an opportunity of gratifying this inclusion. We shall set out by water on 18 July.

It would be his only visit to Ticonderoga, though it was a place frequently on his mind in the early years of the Revolution from 1775 to 1777.

What little we know about Washington’s actual visit comes from the Journal of Count Francesco dal Verme, an Italian from Milan who traveled with Washington. Washington’s party of 39 people, including 18 armed soldiers, traveled the length of Lake George on July 22, spending the night at the Lake George landing “under the tents.” Of Lake George, dal Verme noted:

 Not one house did we see during the entire day, but we did sight about seventy islands and rocks all covered with very fine trees.

Washington’s party visited Ticonderoga on July 23 before continuing to Crown Point. More interested in the rattlesnake the party encountered, dal Verme only discusses what was left of the extensive defenses in one sentence and attributes them all to the English rather than the Continental army.

Breakfasted on fish. Had two boats transported overland (2 miles) to place on Lake Champlain. Went ashore to see Ticonderoga where there are remnants of the English defenses of the War of 1754. We killed a snake here nine feet long and four inches in diameter called a Ratel-snake, which has a link of concentric horn rings–in this case six inches long–on the tail with which it makes a great noise. 

Washington’s travels took him as far north as Crown Point and then as far up the Mohawk River as Fort Schuyler (Fort Stanwix). Washington was back with the army at New Windsor two weeks later. The Treaty of Paris ending the war was signed in September and by late November, Washington entered New York City as the British Army evacuated the city.

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Love and Friendship in Peace and War

Tankard owned by Alexander Hamilton. Fort Ticonderoga Museum, 1943.1.1

Let us begin with a heart . The image of a heart is a common symbol of love and affection. Modern connotations of love are by no means implied by its use in 18th century artifacts, where hearts can be found from the silver hilts of swords to the skirts of soldiers’ uniforms. This particular heart motif is mounted to the terminal of a handle on a silver tankard. Although made in London in 1762, this tankard was later engraved with the date 1800 and the initials “AH” for its owner: Alexander Hamilton.

Hamilton has his own love story, one filled with passion, infidelity, and reconciliation. The tankard was acquired by the Fort Ticonderoga Museum in 1943, purchased from Hamilton’s great-great-Nephew, Schuyler Hamilton. Within two years of acquiring this tankard, Hamilton moved into the Grange, his Federal style home located in what was at the time the countryside far from the city of New York (today roughly 143rd St.). Across the street, Hamilton had an unlikely neighbor and friend with his own remarkable love story that connects back to Fort Ticonderoga’s collections.

Lieutenant Jacob Schieffelin. This portrait was likely painted in the 1800s, and copied from an 18th-century miniature of Jacob wearing the coat pictured. Fort Ticonderoga Museum, PEM 87.

The scarlet uniform coat of Lieutenant Jacob Schieffelin would not be the place to look for a love story, nor a connection to Alexander Hamilton, but love has its own trajectory that often defies logic. Schieffelin’s parents emigrated to Philadelphia from Germany, where he was born in 1757. At the age of three, they moved to the newly conquered colony of Canada. They settled in Montreal, but in his late teens, Schieffelin moved west to Detroit. As the American Revolution unfolded, he became an officer of a loyalist militia known as the Detroit Volunteers. In 1778, he was deployed even further west to Fort Sackville in Vincennes, Indiana.

The following year, Virginia forces captured Schieffelin. Now a prisoner, he was forced on an epic march from Vincennes to modern Louisville, Kentucky, then up the Ohio River, and across Virginia to the capital of Williamsburg, where he was thrown in the common jail and underwent seven months of confinement before he finally escaped. He crossed the Chesapeake Bay and went into hiding for over two months until he could find a ship to take him to British-held New York.

Lieutenant Jacob Schieffelin’s uniform coat. c.1783-4. Fort Ticonderoga Museum, UN-021.

Hannah Lawrence was born to a Quaker family in New York, which boasted a diverse population, even in the 18th century. Armed with a clever wit, she responded to the British occupation of her hometown during the Revolution by mocking the pretensions and foibles of the British officers in verse. She went so far as to secretly broadcast her poems in front of Trinity Church, causing a scene when they were discovered. In late August 1780, Lawrence the pacifist, Quaker, and poet, met the recently escaped, German-American, Loyalist officer who was billeted in her parent’s home.  The feelings between Schieffelin and Lawrence were strong enough that by the end of August, against the wishes of her church and family, the two were married.

Within a month of their marriage, this unlikely pair departed New York for Canada. The voyage of seven months took them around the Atlantic coast, down the St. Lawrence River, and eventually back to Detroit. Along the way they met and mingled with the whole cast of the Revolutionary period in Canada and the Great Lakes. It was probably towards the end of the war that Schieffelin had this scarlet Lieutenant’s uniform made, serving as an officer of the British Indian Department. The end of the war in 1783 brought great change. Schieffelin maintained connections with Lawrence’s family, after years in Montreal and London, Schieffelin and Lawrence returned to New York, where Schieffelin collaborated with Lawrence’s brother to run the family’s apothecary business. Remarkably now a citizen of the nation he had fought against, Schieffelin ran the business through his death in 1835. The business survives today as an importer of wines and spirits.

Schieffelin sold Alexander Hamilton half of a plot of land in upper Manhattan, where they both eventually built their country homes. The ties between the Schieffelins’ and the Hamiltons’ went deeper than real estate, they became friends. Lawrence was an abolitionist as was Hamilton, and the Schieffelins’ worshiped with Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, Alexander’s widow after his death in 1804. Their stories suggest how the diverse experience of Americans helped to shape this country from its beginning, how former enemies can make peace, and how love is often found in the most unlikely places. All this from a cup and a coat.

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Garden and Landscape Symposium 2018

By Dr. Leonard Perry, Horticulturist in Residence

Join Fort Ticonderoga and the King’s Garden for the Seventh Annual Garden and Landscape Symposium on Saturday, April 7, 2018. Geared towards both beginning and experienced gardeners, this daylong symposium provides helpful insights from garden experts who live and garden in upstate New York and northern New England. The event is open by pre-registration only.

Focusing on easy-to-implement strategies for expanding and improving your garden or landscape, these programs are offered in an informal setting that encourages interaction between presenters and attendees.

Charlie Nardozzi

Many in the area already know Charlie Nardozzi — an award winning, nationally recognized garden author, speaker, garden tour leader, radio, and TV personality based in Vermont. He will speak on Better Berries for Your Edible Landscape. Growing berry shrubs has become more popular with the interest in edible landscaping and breeding of small shrubs that fit easily in a small yard and are easy to maintain. He will talk about new varieties of blueberries, brambles, honeyberries, currants, gooseberries, elderberries and more that grow well in our climate. In addition, Charlie will go over how to grow and care for these berries to produce a bountiful harvest and look great in the yard. Charlie makes gardening information simple, easy, fun and accessible to everyone. You can learn more about him, and receive his monthly newsletters from his website at gardeningwithcharlie.com.

A true kitchen garden opens your senses both in the garden and in the kitchen, and in this presentation—The Art of Growing Food-– you will learn the six steps to successful kitchen garden design, based on classic techniques that anyone can follow. Discover how to grow an edible garden with an eye towards beauty, easy care and pleasure. Ellen Ecker Ogden is the author of The Complete Kitchen Garden, and other books. In this book, you will find 15 theme gardens, such as the salad lover’s garden, complete with color diagrams and a listing of suggested varieties.  Following each plan are recipes for using the produce from that particular garden.  Also in the book are many design ideas and illustrations for inspiration.

Ellen is the founder of The Cook’s Garden seed catalog, and her kitchen garden designs and articles have been featured in numerous national magazines. You can find more ideas through her website and blog by visiting ellenogden.com.

Emily DeBolt

Learn about the benefits and beauty of gardening with native plants with Emily DeBolt, owner of Fiddlehead Creek Native Plant Nursery. In her presentation–  Go Native: An Introduction to Gardening with Native Plants – you will discover which plants are great for monarchs and other pollinators and which plants can grow in tough sites such as clay soils or dry shade. Emily will introduce some of the native plants available for gardening, the benefits of gardening with natives, and share some of her favorite natives from her own gardens. Emily has years of experience working with natives as alternatives to invasives, as well as natives for rain gardens, pollinator gardens, shoreline buffers, and more. Emily and her husband Chris started Fiddlehead Creek Nursery in Fort Ann, New York in 2009 because of her love for native plants and her desire to make them more available in everyday landscapes (fiddleheadcreek.com).

Barry Genzlinger

Bats are an important part of our ecosystems and are huge catchers of insects. Yet in recent years, their numbers have been threatened by several causes. What are the ten facts that everyone should know about bats and why should gardeners care? In Ten Things Everyone Should Know about Bats, Vermont’s only licensed bat rehabilitator and president of the Vermont Bat Center will share the fascinating world of bats, their amazing abilities, the danger bats now face from an invasion, the consequences of the declining bat populations, and how you can help them. Barry Genzlinger has been a bat advocate since 1995, has made over 4,000 bat houses, worked with the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department since the early 2000s, and has rescued, rehabilitated, and released hundreds of Vermont bats (vermontbatcenter.org).

There will be time for you to meet with other gardeners, have questions answered by speakers, buy books and have them signed, and tour Fort Ticonderoga’s King’s Garden at the end of the symposium with Stuart Lilie, Vice President of Public History and Operations. On this tour, you will learn a history of the King’s Garden, and get an update on restoration of the 1826 Pell home, the Pavilion.

A brochure with the complete schedule and registration form is available on Fort Ticonderoga’s website at www.fortticonderoga.org by selecting “Education” and then “Workshops and Seminars” on the drop-down menu. A printed copy is also available upon request by calling 518-585-2821.

The Garden & Landscape Symposium is one of numerous opportunities for continuing education for the public at Fort Ticonderoga in 2018. You can learn more about these programs, including the annual War College of the Seven Years’ War and the Seminar on the American Revolution, by visiting Fort Ticonderoga’s website at www.fortticonderoga.org and selecting “Education.”

America’s Fort is a registered trademark of the Fort Ticonderoga Association.

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Fort Ticonderoga Announces 2018 Annual War College on the Seven Years’ War

Registration is now open for Fort Ticonderoga’s Twenty-Third Annual War College of the Seven Years’ War May 18-20, 2018. With a panel of distinguished historians from across the United States, this seminar focuses on the Seven Years’ War in North America, also known as the French & Indian War. The War College takes place in the Mars Education Center and is open to the public; pre-registration is required.

Begun in 1996, the War College of the Seven Years’ War has become the nation’s premier seminar on the French & Indian War in the United States. It features a mix of new and established scholars in an informal setting for a weekend of presentations related to the military, social, and cultural history of the French & Indian War.

The 2018 speakers include:

  • Alex Burns, West Virginia University, “‘Without god and the King, I never would have lasted so long’: Common Soldiers in the Prussian Army, 1750-1765.”
  • Kyle Dalton, museum professional, “From Braddock to Wolfe: Royal Navy Seamen Ashore in North America.”
  • Cathrine Davis, University of Laval, “Négociants, Artisans, and Prostitutes: Exploring the Origins of French Textiles at Fort Carillon through Lead Seal Analysis.”
  • James Lacey, Marine Corps War College, “William Pitt: Global Strategist.”
  • David Ledoyen and André Gousse, Parks Canada, “Beds, Cabanes, and Hammocks: Where French Soldiers Slept in New France.”
  • Greg Rogers, SUNY Cobleskill, “New France’s ‘Petty Victories’: Everyday Power in the Lake Ontario Borderlands during the Seven Years’ War.”
  • Jobie Turner, United States Airforce, “Conestoga vs. Canoes: Lake George 1755-1759.”
  • Richard Weyhing, SUNY Oswego, “The Warrior and the Carpenter: Two Perspectives on the Siege of Oswego, 1756.”

The War College will also feature a Saturday evening lecture and concert “From the Ballroom to the Battlefield: Popular Music Adapted for Military Use during the French & Indian War.” Erik Lichack, a performer of early American music, is joined by musicians Eliza Vincz and Philip Winter, to present a lively performance that showcases the relationship between functional military tunes and songs, dances, and other pieces enjoyed by the English-speaking world.

A reception on Friday evening includes the opening of the new exhibition “Great Wars: Ticonderoga and World War One.” This new major exhibit opening in May 2018 will explore the lines between the Seven Years’ War and World War One through the story of Fort Ticonderoga’s Museum Founder, Stephen Pell.

Sunday’s sessions conclude with an optional boat cruise aboard the Carillon to explore naval aspects of the fight for Ticonderoga from 1756-59. Space is limited and available on a first-come, first-served basis to War College participants.

Registration for the War College is now open at $155 ($130 for those registering by March 15); additional discounts available for Members of Fort Ticonderoga. Registration forms can be downloaded from Fort Ticonderoga’s website at www.fortticonderoga.org under the “Education” tab by selecting “Workshops and Seminars” on the drop down menu and then clicking on the War College. A printed copy is also available upon request by contacting the Business Office at 518-585-2821.

America’s Fort is a registered trademark of the Fort Ticonderoga Association.

Photo:  Registration is now open for Fort Ticonderoga’s Twenty-Third Annual War College of the Seven Years’ War May 18-20, 2018. Early Bird Registration—with a savings of $25—closes March 15. Register Today! Copyright Fort Ticonderoga, photo credit Carl Heilman II. 

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On the Eve of the Revolution: 1775 British Garrison Living History Event at Fort Ticonderoga February 17

Join Fort Ticonderoga for a one-day living history event Saturday, February 17, 2018 to discover British garrison life in February 1775, three months before Ticonderoga was pulled into the American War of Independence. Living history demonstrations feature the weapons, tactics, trades, and people during peacetime at the fort. For more information, call 518-585-2821 or visit www.fortticonderoga.org

Highlighted programming throughout the day brings to life the routine of soldiers in the 26th Foot and their wives and families who made their homes inside Fort Ticonderoga’s barracks. Weapons demonstrations allow you to go beyond loading and firing to discuss what military traditions remained and what tactical innovations were standard on the eve of the Revolutionary War. Tour through the reconstructed Fort Ticonderoga of today and see what made this much-vaunted fortification so vulnerable to be captured by the Green Mountain Boys in the spring of 1775.

“This living history event will highlight the story of the people that provided the peacetime services and efforts to prepare Ticonderoga for war once again in 1775,” said Beth Hill, President and CEO of Fort Ticonderoga. “Our commitment to bringing the dramatic and real story of our past to life through unforgettable programs such as the 1775 British Garrison at Fort Ticonderoga is an opportunity to share with our visitors the importance of this place in the founding of America.”

Admission to the event is $12 for the general public and free to Fort Ticonderoga Members, Ambassador Pass holders, and children age four and under. For the full event schedule, visit https://www.fortticonderoga.org/events/fort-events/living-history-event-1775-british-garrison/detail.

America’s Fort is a registered trademark of the Fort Ticonderoga Association.

Photo: The 1775 British Garrison at Ticonderoga takes place February 17, 2018 at Fort Ticonderoga. Photo credit: Fort Ticonderoga.

Posted in Artworks, Collections, Education, Exhibits, Family Fun in the Adirondacks, Family programs, Fort Ticonderoga, Fort Ticonderoga Staff, Life Long Learning, Living History & Material Culture, Living History Event, Museums, Programs, Public Programs, Special Events, Tourist Destination | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on On the Eve of the Revolution: 1775 British Garrison Living History Event at Fort Ticonderoga February 17